Pre-Socratic Philosophers - Grace Van Winkle PHIL 220 HW#1...

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Grace Van Winkle PHIL 220 1/20/11 HW #1: Pre-Socratic Philosophers According to Heraclitus, the world and everything in it is constantly changing; nothing stays the same. He also believed that the world always has been and always will be. He held that the world and the soul are made out of fire. Life is constructed of many paradoxes, such as things being brought together and pulled apart. Everything that happens on earth is due to the Word, or Logos, which many people do not sense or comprehend. Additionally, there is one divine law that rules over and determines all other laws. Anaxagoras’ perspective was that every substance used to be mixed together and have an infinite quantity. Eventually, things were separated, but not completely. Everything contains parts of everything else, and that nothing is completely separated from anything else except for the mind. Anaxagoras held that things become separated as they grow, although everything is mixed
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Unformatted text preview: with everything else, because it is impossible that a substance could come from something that does not contain it in the first place. Also, he believed that there isn’t really such thing as beginning or ending, but rather that there is mixture and separation between things. In my opinion, I disagree with the arguments that the world has always been and always will be because, from a Christian perspective, I believe that God created the world and that eventually the physical world will come to an end. Also, neither Heraclitus nor Anaxagoras give credit to God for having control over all things, instead prescribing power to Logos or the mixture of things, which is very different from what I believe. Additionally, I cannot accept with the idea that there is no beginning to existence and that things just have always been, because I cannot come to terms with the idea that there is no starting point to time or life. word count: 316...
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