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1Modernization theoryFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia(Redirected from Modernisation)Jump to navigationJump to searchModernization theoryis used to explain the process of modernization within societies. Modernization refers to a model of a progressive transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. Modernization theory originated from the ideas of German sociologist Max Weber(1864–1920), which provided the basis for the modernization paradigm developed by Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons(1902–1979). The theory looks at the internal factors of a country while assuming that with assistance, "traditional" countries can be brought to development in the same manner more developed countries have been. Modernization theory was a dominant paradigm in the social sciences in the 1950s and 1960s, then went into a deep eclipse. It made a comeback after 1991 but remains a controversial model.[1]Modernization theory both attempts to identify the social variables that contribute to social progressand development of societies and seeks to explain the process of social evolution. Modernization theory is subject to criticism originating among socialist and free-market ideologies, world-systemstheorists, globalizationtheorists and dependencytheorists among others. Modernization theory stresses not only the process of change but also the responses to that change. It also looks at internal dynamics while referring to social and cultural structures and the adaptation of new technologies.

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Term
Fall
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Tags
Sociology, Talcott Parsons, modernization theory

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