4_5791722459027736608.pdf - 1 60580909 NAME NONTOKOZO MAHLANGU STUDENT NUMBER 60580909 MODULE SOCIAL SCIENCES MODULE CODE LADHSSA ASSIGNMENT NUMBER 01

4_5791722459027736608.pdf - 1 60580909 NAME NONTOKOZO...

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60580909 LADHSSA/2020 NAME : NONTOKOZO MAHLANGU STUDENT NUMBER : 60580909 MODULE : SOCIAL SCIENCES MODULE CODE : LADHSSA ASSIGNMENT NUMBER : 01 UNIQUE NUMBER : 682401 DUE DATE : 23 MARCH 2020 STATEMENT OF ORIGINALITY DECLARATION Name: Nontokozo Mahlangu Student number: 60580909 Module code: LADHSSA Assignment number: 01 I declare that this assignment is my own original work. Where secondary material has been used (either from a printed source or from the internet), this has been carefully acknowledged and referenced in accordance with departmental requirements. I understand what plagiarism is and am aware of the department's policy in this regard. I have not allowed anyone else to borrow or copy my work Signature : Date: 13 February 2020 1 | P a g e
60580909 LADHSSA/2020 QUESTION 1 Historical evidence and historical sources Anything which tells us about the past can be considered a source. It might be a document, a building, and a piece of art or an ephemeral object. These are all ‘sources’ because they all provide us in different ways with information which can add to the sum of our knowledge of the past. Sources only become historical evidence when they are interpreted by the historian to make sense of the past. The answers they provide will depend on the sorts of questions historians are asking. For example, a train ticket might be used to provide evidence of migration patterns or of the cost of living at a particular time, but also of broader cultural trends: for many years, for example, it was the practice to print a ‘w’ on a woman’s ticket; this was when stations had women-only waiting rooms and trains had women-only carriages. As for a pair of shoes, it might provide the cultural historian with evidence of changing fashions and consumer tastes, or the social historians with evidence of class differences or production patterns. It all depends on what the historian wants to know. Primary and secondary sources Historians classify sources into two main categories: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are those which came into existence during the actual period of the past which historian is studying. For example, if we are studying a topic such as the French Revolution of 1789, or newspaper report from 1789, would be primary sources. They describe aspects relating to the French Revolution, they were produced during 1789, and as a result, they are primary sources. Primary sources are mainly written sources, such as official records, government documents, and proceedings of courts of law, religious records, personal memories, letters and diaries. However, in more recent times, other kinds of primary sources are often used by historians are oral traditions and oral histories, archaeological artefacts, and visual records such as paintings and photographs. Anything produced at the time of the event being studied can be seen to be a primary source.

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