60580909 LADHSSA/2020NAME : NONTOKOZO MAHLANGUSTUDENT NUMBER : 60580909MODULE : SOCIAL SCIENCESMODULE CODE : LADHSSAASSIGNMENT NUMBER : 01UNIQUE NUMBER : 682401DUE DATE : 23 MARCH 2020STATEMENT OF ORIGINALITYDECLARATIONName: Nontokozo MahlanguStudent number: 60580909Module code: LADHSSAAssignment number: 01I declare that this assignment is my own original work. Where secondary material has been used (either from a printed source or from the internet), this has been carefully acknowledged and referenced in accordance with departmental requirements. I understand what plagiarism is and am aware of the department's policy in this regard. I have not allowed anyone else to borrow or copy my workSignature:Date: 13 February 20201 | P a g e
60580909 LADHSSA/2020QUESTION 1Historical evidence and historical sourcesAnything which tells us about the past can be considered a source. It might be adocument, a building, and a piece of art or an ephemeral object. These are all‘sources’ because they all provide us in different ways with information which canadd to the sum of our knowledge of the past. Sources only become historicalevidence when they are interpreted by the historian to make sense of the past. Theanswers they provide will depend on the sorts of questions historians are asking. Forexample, a train ticket might be used to provide evidence of migration patterns or ofthe cost of living at a particular time, but also of broader cultural trends: for manyyears, for example, it was the practice to print a ‘w’ on a woman’s ticket; this waswhen stations had women-only waiting rooms and trains had women-only carriages.As for a pair of shoes, it might provide the cultural historian with evidence ofchanging fashions and consumer tastes, or the social historians with evidence ofclass differences or production patterns. It all depends on what the historian wants toknow.Primary and secondary sourcesHistorians classify sources into two main categories: primary sources and secondarysources. Primary sources are those which came into existence during the actualperiod of the past which historian is studying. For example, if we are studying a topicsuch as the French Revolution of 1789, or newspaper report from 1789, would beprimary sources. They describe aspects relating to the French Revolution, they wereproduced during 1789, and as a result, they are primary sources. Primary sourcesare mainly written sources, such as official records, government documents, andproceedings of courts of law, religious records, personal memories, letters anddiaries. However, in more recent times, other kinds of primary sources are oftenused by historians are oral traditions and oral histories, archaeological artefacts, andvisual records such as paintings and photographs. Anything produced at the time ofthe event being studied can be seen to be a primary source.