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Religion was the foundation for most infamous Mesoamerican civilizations that existed in Pre-Colonial America. The religion of the Aztecs, like most ancient civilizations developed around spiritual notions, customs, and religions. These beliefs greatly impacted their regime, culture, and economy. Like many Mesoamericans, the Aztecs held rituals where human sacrifice was a huge role in completing the ceremony. In addition to human sacrifice, their beliefs in cosmology helped shaped their culture unlike that of any other civilization. The Aztecs left a legacy that we continue to study and venerate for generations to come. Religion ultimately shapes the Aztecs perspectives and values, architectural projects, layout of their city, and helping them become an empire to be feared by others. However, just as religion contributes to an imperial growth it also contributes to their downfall in certain aspects.The Aztec society was prevalent in the 14thcentury and the 16thcentury. The Aztecs believed that they had originated from a place called ‘Aztlan’ which was a mythological home where their predecessors the ‘Nahua’s’ originated from. These people were said to have settled in what today is Mexico and founded Tenochititlan in 1325, which would become the major city of Aztec control. The Aztec Empire was born by the fall of the Toltecs in 1150 due to periods of droughts and conflict. The Aztec Empire dominated much of Mesoamerica from Mexico to Salvador and the Honduras. Under the rule of Itzcoatl, the Aztec truly began its reign in 1427. Between the years 1428-1440, a group of Aztecs known as the Tenochcas grew in power and became specialized in warfare. Overtime the Tenochchas would gain their freedom from Itzacoatl and dominate the city known today as Tenochtitlan. Due to having allied powers with Itzacoatl, they were able to build temples, roads and roads that linked the city with the mainland. Leaders were chosen on a primogenitor where the oldest brother’s eldest son received role of emperor. These leaders were chosen based on their politics, presentation, and strategy during warfare, and communication across the people. After Itzacoatl came
The Growth and Downfall of the Aztec Empire and the Role of ReligionMontezuma I who ruled from 1440-1469, and brought upon the rise of Tenochtitlan due to the various wars fought. Due to the rapid growth of Tenochtitlan a aqueduct system was put in place to carry water to the mainland. In addition, it grew in culture due to the Tenochchas bringing in their gods from their religion adding on to the polytheistic beliefs of the region. Montezuma I also formed the Triple Alliance between Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan. The Aztec Triple Alliance that would dominate over the next one hundred years helped carry out what the Aztecs named the “Flowery War” which meant capturing war victims as sacrificial pieces for the Sun God. From 1469-1481, Axayacatl became ruler and proved to expand the Aztec Empire even more. Ahuitzotl rules from