Lecture 8_ International Terrorism.docx - Lecture 8...

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Lecture 8: International Terrorism (1) Lecture 8: International Terrorism Defining Terrorism U.S. Department of Defense: ‘the unlawful use of-- or threatened use of -- force or violence against individuals or property to coerce or intimidate governments or societies, often to achieve political , religious, or ideological objectives .” Force or violence against individuals or property. Why? To coerce or intimidate governments or societies Why? To achieve political, religious, or ideological objectives What is Terrorism? Consider this case. A group of private citizens begins: Inciting violent opposition to government policy and officials Kidnapping and torturing government officials Destroying government property Trespassing and destruction of private property Intimidation of private citizens Conspiring with criminal elements of society For the purpose of: Overthrowing the status quo government Achieving independence Altering government policy The actions taken by this group are considered so radical and outrageous that even citizens and political officials who view their case as just, are appalled and fearful of the tactics used. Who is this group? Year: 1765-1773 Who: The Sons of Liberty Why: In opposition to British policy What: The Boston Tea Party (among other acts) Lesson: One person’s terrorist is another person’s freedom fighter Defining Terrorism (con’t) Four main components The use (or threat) of unlawful force Non-military or government targets- civilian populations Coercion -- desire to intimidate and create fear Politically or ideologically motivated Key feature : Actions designed to influence other beyonds the target -- rather than just to hurt the victim Terrorism is a form of assymetric conflict

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