Learning_OC

Learning_OC - not agree to buy the child a candy bar. A...

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You are in the grocery store and you hear a child crying loudly. The crying goes on for a long period of time (> than two standard deviations away from the mean). Everyone is wondering what is wrong with this child that they are crying so frantically. Then you notice the mother give the child a candy bar and the crying immediately stops. Do a functional analysis of behavior and determine why we have a crying child. What are the reinforcers, aversive stimuli for the parents and what are the reinforcers, aversive stimuli for the parent. In other words, from a behavioral perspective, why does this child have a “crying problem?” (The answer is below. Please don’t look at the answer until you are finished.) SITUATION EMOTIONAL IMPACT BEHAVIORAL TERM Child experiences tension because they want a candy bar. An aversive stimuli (emotion) is experiences (Positive punishment) Tension increases because the parent does
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Unformatted text preview: not agree to buy the child a candy bar. A highly aversive stimuli (emotion) is experienced. (Positive punishment) Child begins to cry. Has this been rewarded in the past? Has this caused reduction of tension in the past? The parent feels embarrassed. An aversive stimuli (emotion) is experienced. (Positive punishment) The parent gives the child the candy bar Has this been rewarding in the past? In other words has this caused reduction of embarrassment Positive reinforcement in the past? The child stops crying The parent no longer feels real embarrassed Negative reinforcement Behavioral Situation Child Parent Child takes candy bar. Tension Parent says no Increase in tension Child cries Embarrassment Parent gives the child a candy bar Receives POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT for crying (child receives reward). Parent is Negatively REINFORCED for giving candy bar (reduction in embarrassment)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 103 taught by Professor Schaffer during the Spring '06 term at Point Loma.

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Learning_OC - not agree to buy the child a candy bar. A...

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