Essential Question: What kind of leader was Simon Bolivar?Lesson Plan1. Introduce Lesson:Today we’re going to be talking about Simon Bolivar, who was a military andpolitical figure that played a leading role in Latin America’s struggle for independence. During hislifetime he led Venezuela, Colombia, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia to independence fromthe Spanish Empire. Through the idea of Pan-Americanism, he hoped to unite those countries intoa single nation similar to the United States. Though he ultimately failed at this, he is rememberedas often remembered fondly as the George Washington of Latin America. Today, we seek to takea more in-depth look at this fascinating man, and ask the question “What kind of leader wasSimon Bolivar?”Use the documents provided to answer the accompanying questions. Be sure to analyze and interpreteach picture or excerpt in a concise historical answer
“El Libertador” (Document A)Source: The following portrait was painted by Tito Salas in 1930. Thepainting is titled “El Libertador,”which means “The Liberator.”
Proclamation of 1813 (Document B)Source: Venezuela declared its independence from Spain in 1811.However, Spain regained control of the country by July of 1812. SimonBolivar was chosen to lead an army to drive the Spanish out of Venezuelafor a second time. He gave this speech on June 15, 1813 to Venezuelansin the city of Trujillo.An army of our brothers has come to liberate you. We are sent to destroy theSpaniards, to protect the Americans, and to reestablish the republicangovernments of Venezuela. The states defended by our arms are againgoverned by their former constitutions, in full enjoyment of their liberty andindependence. Our mission is designed only to break the chains of servitudewhich shackle (chain up)some of our towns, and not to impose laws or carryout acts of dominion (conquest).We have been unable to watch with indifference the afflictions (hurts)youwere forced to experience by the barbarous Spaniards. They have plundered(robbed)you, and brought you death and destruction. Justice demandsvengeance, and necessity requires us to take it. Let the monsters who infestColombian soil be cast out forever. May their punishment be equal to the sizeof their perfidy (treachery), so that we may demonstrate to the nations of theworld that the sons of America cannot be offended without consequences.