REL 1350 Modernity 2012 - Modernity The Developing Liberal...

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Modernity: The Developing Liberal TraditionWeaver (REL 1350)New Intellectual Developments Challenge Traditional Orthodoxy in Late 19thCenturyEvolution – Charles Darwin’s Origin of the Species, 1859oSome insisted on the traditional reading of a literal six day creation storyoOthers developed various views that allowed for evolution (theistic evolution: God is the creator who used evolution to create)Religious map changingoPluralism rapidly increasedoMassive Catholic immigration challenged the informal Protestant hegemonyoLater, the number of adherents of other world religions increasedSecularizationoAmerican universities shift from ministerial education to a focus on “objective” studyoThe German scientific model of “objective” study was based on primary sources and laboratory analysisoChurch Tradition was often seen as a problem to be overcomeIndustrialization and Urbanization change a formerly rural AmericaoRural communities often had traditions of religious commitmentoNew urban areas did not have the religious rootsoThe question of the gospel amidst economic injustices in growing cites (the social gospel)Development of Academic Disciplines “neutral” to religionoSociologyoPsychology (some suggest religious conversion could be explained scientifically without recourse to supernaturalism)Higher Biblical Criticismo

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