REL 1350 Study Guide 2013 (1) - 1 REL 1350 Weaver Study...

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1 REL 1350 Weaver Study Guide Materials No More Like Matthias: Apostolic Fathers Definition of Apostolic Father - The generation after the New Testament era o Their connection to apostles leaders claimed to be students of Jesus’ disciples/apostles (not fathers of the apostles!) Ecclesiology o One of the 4 issues o Study of church Heresy, Orthodoxy o Bad belief o Incorrect doctrine, “bad” belief o Out of Bounds o A theological “untruth o Orthodoxy Right belief, Correct doctrine Right opinion Ignatius of Antioch o Use of the word catholic The “catholic” Church Used the word “catholic” (universal) for the Church The worldwide Church o Monarchical episcopate Monarchical Episcopate: Growing Role of the Bishop One Ruling Bishop o View of Eucharist Ignatius affirms Real Presence in the Eucharist (term he coins) Eucharist is Medicine of _immorality (for salvation) o View of docetism Docetists undercut Eucharist Theology of martyrdom o Meaning of the term Persecution of Christians Sporadic, local, at times intense o Letter of Pliny to Trajan Don’t seek out, but punish if proved guilty o Ignatius’ conception of martyrdom for himself Desired martyrdom – to be poured out as a libation I am God’s wheat
2 Apostolic Fathers: the Didache; Persecution of Early Christians Didache o Some characteristics of the “way of life and way of death” Way of life Share goods The Yolk of the Lord Gratitude Unity Way of death Murder Abortion/Infanticide Witchcraft/magic Schism o Instructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s Prayer Lords prayer 3 times Fast Not with the hypocrites (Tues and Thurs) Only on Wed and Fri Baptism Fairly detailed outline In the name of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Living, or running water, preferred Cold water preferred Or just pour on the head Implies adult baptism Means of testing a false prophet Stays for more than 3 days Preaches for money o The author’s words on following the whole yoke of the Lord o Its other title Teaching of the Twelve Apostles Martyrdom of Polycarp – the fire Perpetua and Felicitas o Summarize story o Role of father; role of the infant; brothers; the pitcher, conditions of women North Africa Role of the Father The pitcher – holds the water and pours it The child – 8 months; breastfeeding; mother relieved from baby The brother – 7 years old; was thirsty; bowl lowered so he could drink Ability to see visions and speak a revelation o They are from where…. North Africa Edict of Milan
3 Persecution ceases with Emperor Constantine (313 C.E., Edict of Milan) Boundaries of the Faith: Irenaeus and Gnosticism; Montanism Gnosticism o Basic definitions, leaders o boundaries defined o Docetism o Dualism of… o Gnosis – meaning, how you get it o Salvation by… o Role and Concept of Jesus o Pleroma o

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