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1REL 1350WeaverStudy Guide MaterialsNo More Like Matthias: Apostolic FathersDefinition of Apostolic Father - The generation after the New Testament eraoTheir connection to apostlesleaders claimed to be students of Jesus’ disciples/apostles (not fathers of the apostles!)EcclesiologyoOne of the 4 issuesoStudy of churchHeresy, OrthodoxyoBad beliefoIncorrect doctrine, “bad” beliefoOut of BoundsoA theological “untruthoOrthodoxyRight belief, Correct doctrineRight opinionIgnatius of AntiochoUse of the word catholicThe “catholic” ChurchUsed the word “catholic” (universal) for the ChurchThe worldwide ChurchoMonarchical episcopateMonarchical Episcopate: Growing Role of the BishopOne Ruling BishopoView of EucharistIgnatius affirms Real Presence in the Eucharist (term he coins) Eucharist is Medicine of _immorality (for salvation)oView of docetismDocetists undercut EucharistTheology of martyrdom oMeaning of the termPersecution of ChristiansSporadic, local, at times intenseoLetter of Pliny to TrajanDon’t seek out, but punish if proved guiltyoIgnatius’ conception of martyrdom for himselfDesired martyrdom – to be poured out as a libationI am God’s wheat
2Apostolic Fathers: the Didache; Persecution of Early ChristiansDidacheoSome characteristics of the “way of life and way of death”Way of lifeShare goodsThe Yolk of the LordGratitudeUnityWay of deathMurderAbortion/InfanticideWitchcraft/magicSchismoInstructions on baptism, fasting and Lord’s PrayerLords prayer3 timesFastNot with the hypocrites (Tues and Thurs)Only on Wed and FriBaptismFairly detailed outlineIn the name of Father, Son, and Holy SpiritLiving, or running water, preferredCold water preferredOr just pour on the headImplies adult baptismMeans of testing a false prophetStays for more than 3 daysPreaches for moneyoThe author’s words on following the whole yoke of the LordoIts other titleTeaching of the Twelve ApostlesMartyrdom of Polycarp – the firePerpetua and FelicitasoSummarize storyoRole of father; role of the infant; brothers; the pitcher, conditions of womenNorth AfricaRole of the FatherThe pitcher – holds the water and pours itThe child – 8 months; breastfeeding; mother relieved from babyThe brother – 7 years old; was thirsty; bowl lowered so he could drinkAbility to see visions and speak a revelationoThey are from where…. North AfricaEdict of Milan
3Persecution ceases with Emperor Constantine (313 C.E., Edict of Milan)Boundaries of the Faith: Irenaeus and Gnosticism; MontanismGnosticismoBasic definitions, leaders oboundaries defined oDocetismoDualism of…oGnosis – meaning, how you get itoSalvation by…oRole and Concept of JesusoPleromao