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Unformatted text preview: BENG 130 Winter 2005 Organic Molecules 1) are produced by living things 2) have a carbon backbone Ex. Urea H 2 NCONH 2 Functional Groups- Characteristic building blocks of organic molecules. - Important because any one functional group will have similar chemical properties across all compounds in which they appear. - Alkanes consist of carbon-carbon single bonds: methane CH 4 ethane CH 3 CH 3 propane C 3 H 8 butane C 4 H 10 pentane C 5 H 12 hexane C 6 H 14- Alkenes consist of one or more carbon-carbon double bond - Alkynes have one or more carbon-carbon triple bond. - Alkyl Halide: H 3 CBr - Alcohol: H 3 COH - Benzene (Phenyl): aromatic hydrocarbon also called aryl group - Phenol: Phenyl with hydroxyl (OH) substituent - Ether: H 3 COCH 3 - Ester: - Amine: R 3 N R is alkyl, aryl or H - Aldehyde: - Ketone: - Carboxylic Acid: Resonance - Stabilizing feature of some compouds resulting from delocalization of electrons...
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- Spring '08