Chapter 28 Outline_Questions - I II The Kennedy Presidency(1961\u20131963 A A New Beginning 1 Presidential debates allowed Kennedy to increase his

Chapter 28 Outline_Questions - I II The Kennedy...

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I. The Kennedy Presidency (1961–1963) A. A New Beginning 1. Presidential debates allowed Kennedy to increase his standing and Nixon never recovered 2. Kennefy surrounded himself with liberal intellectuals and seemed less like a politician. B. Kennedy’s Domestic Record 1. The conservative coalition of Republicans and southern Democrats that opposed many actions of Truman’s Fair Deal similarly doomed the New Frontier 2. Boosted defense budget by 20 percent: increased nuclear stockpile, strengthened the military’s conventional forces, and established the special forces to engage in guerrilla warfare. 3. 1963 Clean Air Act regulated automotive and industrial emissions C. Cold War Activism 1. JFK launched a military buildup and surrounded himself with Cold Warriors who shared his belief that American security depended on superior force and the willingness to use it. 2. Peace Corps to help out third world countries and prevent the spread of communism 3. After the Bay of Pigs failure, Kennedy declared the defense of West Berlin essential to the Free World D. To the Brink of Nuclear War 1. Societ Union created ICBM launch sites in Cuba, increasing the threat to America 2. Kennedy announced that the United States would impose a naval blockade on Cuba to prevent delivery of more missiles and would dismantle by force the missiles already in Cuba if the Soviets did not do so. 3. The Soviets wanted US missiles to be removed from Turkey before they remove theirs from Cuba E. The Thousand-Day Presidency 1. Jfk assasinated II. The Continuing Struggle for Black Equality (1961–1968) A. The African-American Revolution 1. Martin Luther King launched nonviolent marches, sit-ins, and pray-ins in Birmingham, Alabama. 2. When Governor George Wallace refused to allow two black students to enter the University of Alabama in June 1963, Kennedy forced Wallace to adhere to the court desegregation order
B. The March on Washington (1963) 1. King turned a political rally into a historic event using his “I have a dream” speech. 2. The Ku Klux Klan bombing of a black church in Birmingham killed four girls attending Sunday school. C. Civil Rights at High Tide 1. Civil Rights Act of 1964 - banned racial discrimination and segregation in public accommodations; outlawed bias in federally funded programs; granted the federal government new powers to fight school segregation a) Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce the ban on job discrimination b) Did not address the right to vote 2. The civil-rights workers enrolled nearly sixty thousand disenfranchised blacks in the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party 3. August 1965 - Voting Rights Act invalidated the use of any test or device to deny the vote and authorized federal examiners to register voters in states that had disenfranchised blacks.

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