13.1 Assignment_ Exploring Venus and Mars.docx - Astronomy...

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Astronomy 1031.Give a brief description of some of the missions that visited Venus and Mars.Givetwo examples, for each planet, of a significant mission sent to each planet.One mission of importance that visited Venus is known as Mariner 2. It was an importantmission because it was the first mission ever sent towards Venus, it was the first man madespacecraft to fly by Venus, and the first man made space probe to visit another planet in oursolar system. On the way to Venus however Mariner 2 almost became a complete bust, itsuffered from solar panel issues, gyro stabilizers that would give out randomly, and the sensorsused to locate Earth were not very consistent.Another Venus mission of importance is known as the Magellan mission. This mission focusedon mapping the surface of Venus with the Magellan spacecraft and was the first to do so. TheMagellan Spacecraft was designed to use radar to map the surface of Venus through it’s dense

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Magellan spacecraft

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