Homework3-08 - English Grammar Chapter 4 Exercises 3, 4, 6,...

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English Grammar Chapter 4 Exercises 3, 4, 6, & 8 (3) Syntactic subject tests: (a) Subject is typically an NP (b) The Basic Position is before the V (and VP) (c) Case, in pronouns that show Case, is Nominative (d) In the present tense, Vs other than Modals Agree with the Subject (e) In Interrogatives, the Subject appears after an Auxiliary Verb i. Tomorrow Pat will be back from skiing. Pat is Subject Pat is an NP ( a Proper Name; see p. 17) Pat is before the V(P) If you substitute a pronoun for Pat , the pronoun is Nominative Tomorrow, s/he will be back from skiing. *Tomorrow him/her will be back from skiing. There is present tense agreement (have to remove Modal will ) Tomorrow Pat is back from skiing Subject/Auxiliary Inversion (e) above, is inappropriate because Pat is not sentence initial. ii. Is today some kind of holiday? Today is Subject Today is an NP There is present tense agreement The sentence shows Subject-Auxiliary Inversion Today is some kind of holiday Today is not before the V due to Inversion There is no pronoun with Nominative/Accusative alternation to substitute iii. Down the road ran the crazy dog. The crazy dog
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LANG 028 taught by Professor Chomsky during the Spring '08 term at University of Iowa.

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Homework3-08 - English Grammar Chapter 4 Exercises 3, 4, 6,...

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