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Close Reading 2- VillanelleOne Art- Elizabeth BishopThis poem by Bishop is a villanelle. This can be seen by the five tercets and the quatrainmaking up the sixth stanza of the poem. The other give-away is the refrains that carry throughout the poem. The first, “The art of losing isn’t hard to master,” and then the word, “disaster,” alternate at the end of each stanza. The first of the two is the same each time except for the last time it is used. It is as if Bishop is telling herself that it is not hard to master losing something or someone important. But in the last stanza, Bishop changes the line into, “the art of losing’s not too hard to master.” This shows that she is less sure now than she was before. Now she realizes that getting over something you have lost is hard, and she realizes this as shewrites the poem. The second refrain that is used is constantly changing. For the most part, the meaning of this refrain throughout is that losing something is not a disaster. The last stanza