Lecture 7, Changes in the Political System

Lecture 7, Changes in the Political System - HIST 274 I The...

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HIST 274 2/4/13 I. The Second Empire - Inustrialization;1860s reconstruction of Paris by Baron Haussmann, industrial banlieue (working-class suburbs) II. Realism - Disillusionment, Alexis de Tocqueville, Victor Hugo, Delacroix - Flaubert, “Madame Bovary” 1857, “Sentimental Education” 1969; Courbet, “Funeral at Ornans,” 1849-50; realist art; Bohemia - The latin Quarter; Montparnasse; Montmartre; Saint-Germain des Pres; the Marais; Puccini, La Boheme, 1896 III. The art of Modern Life - Chalres Baudelaire; the Flaneur, “Flowers of Evil”, 1857; - Edgar Degas, “Absinthe” 1876; Dejeuner sur l’herbe (1863) - Eduard Mane, “Olympia” 1865 IV. Changes in Political system - 1850s: authoritarian system, censorship, police surveillance - 1860s: liberalization, Emile Ollivier as prime minister, new Constitution of 1870 Until 1860, France still very much a Medieval city
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Divided into smaller neighborhoods that functioned as mini economies Napoleon III wanted to establish Paris as a modern city that served for modern industry Appointed Haussman who doubled Paris in the next 10 years Turned parks and public areas into industrial centers Changed the railways and transportation system Demolished to neighborhoods (carte’) and built uniform 6 story buildings and wider streets “Haussmannization”, the movement of tearing down the old city and building a modern Paris Haussmann built new water and sewage system, public squares, bridges, schools, railway system New sewer system made Paris a much healthier place Broader avenue’s made it more efficient for traffic and commerce Created the Paris we know today Building the new Paris, Parisians paid a steep price Thousands of people were displaced
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