WORLD WAR II:1.Hitler- ’38 seized Austriaa.Late summer of 1937- Hitler made it clear that Sudetenland had German speakingpeoplei.Wants German part of Czechoslovakiaii.Munich Conference- Leader of France, Britain and Hitleriii.Convinced them to give Hitler Sudetenlandiv.Appeasementb.’39 he took over all of Czechoslovakia – proves that he isn’t a nice guyc.Politicians learned that you can’t appease a dictator by giving him one of the thinghe wants when he wants it alld.After March of ’39- Hitler is going to do something elsei.West hoped that he would go and take over Russiaii.EXCEPT Rippentrov-Molotv Agreement (German Russo non aggression pact)e.Sept. 1, 1939- Hitler invaded Polandi.Soviets attacked eastern Poland2.Americans wanted to remain neutral- FDR gave his neutrality speecha.Debate in congress about what to do nextb.New neutrality act was passed in ’39- replaces collective neutrality acts of 35, 36, 37i.Un-neutral neutralityii.Provided that western countries could by weaponry from the USiii.Except with terms 1.Basis of which Westerners could buy things from US2.Cash and carry basis3.They could come to the US and buy munitions- but had to sail to US in their own ships and buy stuff in cash and sail it away in theirown ships4.Appealing because there would be no war debts, no loans, American ships wouldn’t get torpedoed5.Un-neutral because it favored the Western Democracies iv.Also helped America’s economic position3.Early ’40 Hitler turned North and Westa.A lot of countriesb.In 6 weeks he overran and defeated Francei.Fell by June of 1940ii.In WWI France never was taken over! And in WWII it only took him 6 weeksiii.Sudden collapse SHOCKED Americansiv.Only the British stood between the US and Britishv.Battle of Britain starting soon- and Germany could potentially soon be in aposition to come after the US4.FDR: congress in ’40- authorized spending of 37 billion dollars to be used to build a GIGANTIC navy and air-forcea.Congress was jarred out of its apathy
5.Havana in 1940- Latin American nations agreed they would help US defend the western hemisphere from potential aggression 6.Battle of Britain is going on by thisa.German Luftwaffe v. RAF7.Committee to defend American By Aiding the Allies- group that believed the US needed to supply British with anything it needed- advocating doing anything to help the British short ondeclaring war on Hitlera.People who were isolationist- people thought that Americans should focus on building and defending the USi.American First Committee 1.Leader was Charles Lindbergh (one that flew across the Atlantic)8.British running low on weaponrya.FDR recognized there was American oppositionb.Destroyer Deal: FDR traded huge battleships (from WWI) [50 of them] in return
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