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Crime.docx - 1 Criminal Behavior Insights into Crime...

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1Criminal Behavior Insights into Crime BehaviorByAffiliation
2Criminal justice is a system that comprises three distinct parts which are law enforcement, the courts and correction. These parts are usually interrelated and mostly serve the purpose of delivering justice for all. For this system to work effectively, it is vital to understand criminal behavior. Criminal behavior involves the conduct of an offender that leads to and including commission of an act that is unlawful. Many theorists and scholars have been puzzled by the motivations and nature of criminal behavior over the years. Criminal psychology is the term that is used to refer to the criminal mind, psychology of criminal behavior and the practices involved in the criminal justice system. Having a psychological understanding of criminal behavior in the works of criminal justice is essential in the achievement of various objectives within the system. It helps uncover aspects such as patterns, personality traits and so on. This article will explore this issue and also highlight the impact of specific instruments for assessmentof psychopathy in the criminal justice field. One causal factor for criminal behavior is social causes with regard to aggressive and violent behavior. Harkins and Dixon (2010) investigated this issue in sexual offending groups where they noted that there are various key individual factors and social factors that influence an individual to participate in sexual violence. One key aspect they noted is the cognitive ability of the individual. The researchers established that restructuring or distortion of cognition gave individuals the ability to ignore negative feelings which are related to inappropriate, deviant or criminal behavior. As per Ward and Keenan (1999), the distortion or restructuring of cognition is as a result of interpretation of social worlds especially during the developmental years and that unusual occurrences, for example, physical or psychological abuse during the developmental period can result in views that are distorted of criminal behavior. Fischer (2004) notes that
3victims of physical or sexual abuse in their early childhood are likely to be arrested in their adulthood for crimes against persons.

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Antisocial personality disorder, Psychopathy, Journal of Criminal Justice

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