LIN228H1F Phonetics - Lecture 9 slides

LIN228H1F Phonetics - Lecture 9 slides - November13th,2013...

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November 13 th , 2013 Instructor: JoannaChociej
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Glottal stop Voiceless d l Modal voice Breathy voice k Creaky voice
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Glottal stop Voiceless d l Modal voice Breathy voice k Creaky voice
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The entire glottis is closed and no air can pass through; [ ʔ ].
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Glottal stop is not phonemic in English, although it occurs in some exclamations and ll h ll d l occurs allophonically in some dialects. uh oh [ ʔʌʔ ow ] d’oh [ dow ʔ ] button [ b ʌʔ n ]
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d l d l f ld Modal voice is ordinary voicing.Vocal folds are vibrating.The vocal folds repeatedly come together and then open allowing air to escape in short and then open, allowing air to escape in short bursts. Some voiced sounds in English: [ b, d, g, z, v, ð, ʒ , ʤ , l, m, n, w, ej ]
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f f The vocal folds are partially open and are far enough apart for air to pass through without b creating vibration.
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Many languages have both voiced and voiceless obstruents. Most voiceless sounds have symbols of their own. [p, t, k, s, f, θ , ʃ , ʧ , h] To indicate that a usually voiced sound is voiceless, we transcribe it with a diacritic [ ̥ ]. Usually, this diacritic is placed below the symbol that it applies to, but sometimes it can be placed above the symbol it applies to: [n ̥ ] = a voiceless alveolar nasal [ ŋ̊ ] = a voiceless velar nasal
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Burmese
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Breathy voice is also referred to as murmur .There is Breathy voice is also referred to as vibration but there is also “breathiness”. B th i b d d b iti i th Breathy voice can be produced by positioning the vocal folds far enough apart that they do not close completely when vibrating. Laryngitis results in breathy voice.
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b h d f h A breathy
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