study guide exam 3

study guide exam 3 - Concepts in Biology 101 Spring08 Study...

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Concepts in Biology 101 Spring08 Study Guide for Exam 3 Exam Preparation: You should have an understanding and or explain the Terms and Concepts listed in this Study Guide as well as material listed in the Lectures and Narratives. You should also review the Clicker Questions from class. Lec. 15: Mind 1. List and explain the three types of Misinterpretations of Reality? 1. Illusion: sensory misinterpretation Somatosensory cortex Is a Neurological map of touch Parietal lobe Phantom limb syndrome Sensation of missing limb Neurons from the face invaded the brain that normally info from the hand. Mirror box therapy 2. Hallucination: sensory experience without stimuli Neurological events that take place during the wakeful state. Sensory experience Without stimuli Before falling asleep Or as one is waking up
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Can be induced with drugs, sleep deprivation, psychosis. A. Occurs in thalamus, relationship with serotonin (usually high levels of serotonin) B. Entheogens: drugs that mimic serotonin and cause hallucinations Psilocybin mushrooms (Psilocin, Serotonin) 3. Delusion: cognitive misinterpretation A. Diagnostic Criteria 1. Absolute certainty 2. Incorrigibility 3. Falsity 4. Non conforming 5. Pervasive B. Schizophrenia 0.4-0.6% Limbic system Frontal lobe ↑ Dopamine activities in frontal lobe and limbic system 4. Theory of mind – the mind is a summation of the interactions between the brain and environment. A. Consciousness allows us to predict intentions of others. B. Mirror neurons 1. Mirror Neurons fire when observing someone do something 2. Llinked to Autism; responsible for lack of empathy 3. List and Explain the difference between Situational Knowledge and Universal Knowledge? Mind and Knowledge: knowledge is something that is both true and is believed
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A. Situational Knowledge – sometimes considered personal opinion based on direct experience. 1. trial and error/survival B. Universal knowledge – formal education 1. Applies in all places at all times 2. Shared/driven by science Lec 16: Evolution of Mind 1. Increasing Complexity A. Same basic structure (network of neurons) in all animal intelligence B. Honeybee’s brains change based on duties (increase amount of neurons) C. The more complex the task or the environment, more intelligence is required D. Squid intelligence based on being predator, and camouflage 2. Intelligence in Social Groups A. Social cooperation is beneficial, but requires more intelligence 1. Meerkats’ larger brains, successful group living/ share tasks 2. More intelligence so they can remember info about each other B. Eusociality: more than just group living it characterized by socialization of tasks and cooperative care of the young. 1. Insects: ants, termites, bees
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study guide exam 3 - Concepts in Biology 101 Spring08 Study...

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