child development

child development - March 27, 2008 Child Development...

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March 27, 2008 Child Development Neonatal behavior is reflexive (automatic) --two rules of motor development: 1. cephalo-caudal = "head to tail" development starts in head and goes down, head is most developed part of the body at birth 2. proximo-distal = "near to far" development of shoulders before you can find motor movement in fingers --can speed up within limits (can't make a 4 month old walk); can be slowed down but they will probably catch up At birth, the 5 senses are functional but not fully developed: 1. vision - nearsighted, preferences 2. depth perception - Gibson and Walk's (1960) visual cliff 3. hearing - superior to vision, preference (like womens voice, especially mothers) 4. taste - preference for sweet 5. touch - feel pain and react 6. smell - preferences for certain odors --learning is demonstrated through the process of habituation --babies have demonstrated classical, operant, and observational learning (imitation) Temperament --characteristic way of responding (activity, intensity, mood) --characteristic ways of responding to the environment that vary from infant to infant --three major categories: 1. easy = relaxed (about 40%), easy going and don't get upset most of the time 2. difficult = moody (about 10%), easily angered, reactions are intense 3. slow-to-warm-up = shy (about 15%), not very responsive, don't interact very much Attachment --the emotional bond between infants and caregivers (parents) is the first form of love --Harry Harlow's research on monkeys: -the monkeys would go to the wire monkey to get food but then went back to the cloth monkey because they liked the cloth better. .. he changed the facial expressions and
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 110 taught by Professor Campbell during the Spring '08 term at Illinois State.

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child development - March 27, 2008 Child Development...

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