15th Amendmen1

15th Amendmen1 - 15th Amendment - provides that no...

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15 th Amendment - provides that no government in the United States may prevent a citizen from voting based on that citizen's race [1] , color, or previous condition of servitude (i.e. slavery). It was ratified on February 3, 1870. Blacks voting rights. 19 th Amendment - provides that neither any individual state or the federal government may deny a citizen the right to vote because of that citizen's sex. Women’s voting rights. 26 th Amendment - ratified on July 1, 1971, standardized the voting age to 18. It was passed in response to the Vietnam War and to partially overrule the Supreme Court's decision in Oregon v. Mitchell . 527 Groups – Tax-exempt groups, named after the provision in the tax code, that are organized to provide politically relevant advertising, usually with the aim of helping particular candidates or parties. Technically they are supposed to be independent but in reality are often closely linked to the candidates. Battleground States (Swing States) – Also known as “Swing States.” During a presidential election, these are states whose Electoral College votes are not safely in one candidate’s pocket; candidates will spend time and more money there to try to win the state. Benefit-Directed acts – Caucus – Today, a meeting of local residents who select delegates to attend county, state, and national conventions where the delegates nominate candidates for public office. Originally, caucuses were limited to party leaders and officeholders who selected the candidates. Civil Disobedience – Peaceful but illegal protest activity in which those involved allow themselves to be arrested and charged. Closing Date – Coalitions – A network of interest groups with similar concerns that combine forces to pursue a common goal; may be short-lived or permanent. Concerns about interest groups – Conflicts of Interest – The situation when government officials make decisions that directly affect their own personal livelihoods or interests. Contribution Limits – Ceilings set on the overall amount of money that individuals and groups give to candidates. Cracking, stacking, and packing – Methods of drawing district boundaries that minimize black representation. With crackin, a large concentrated black population is divided
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amont two or more districts so that blacks will not have a majority anywhere; with stacking, a large black population is combined with an even larger white population; with packing, a large black population is put into one district rather than two so that blacks will have a majority in only one district. Dealignment – Term used to refer to the diminished relevance of political parties. Direct Activities – Direct Democracy – A system of government in which citizens govern themselves directly and vote on most issues. Ex: A New England town meeting. Direct Primary – An election in which voters select a party’s candidates for office.
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Watt during the Spring '08 term at Ole Miss.

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15th Amendmen1 - 15th Amendment - provides that no...

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