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Unformatted text preview: Dating back to Ancient Africa, problems with slavery and social injustice has always plagued the area. Native Africans and Africans of the Christian faith have had to face the consequences of this persecution. Mainly Islamic Arabs had dominated the area and have forced their beliefs and slavery on Africans. In Africa "Christians were subjected to periodic persecution by the Byzantines" and other Arab groups would bring upon other punishments upon the Christians (World Civilizations, 219). Slavery was also introduced to African society since the start of the first millennium. Berber Tribes seized African villagers in Southern Sahara and traded them for metal goods, textiles, horses, and salt (World Civilizations, 223). This begging of slavery and social injustice has instilled emotional tensions between Africans and Arabs for hundreds of years. Today we are now faced with the same problem as before but with a different type of crisis. Our current dilemma is now proceeds in the Dafur Region of Africa in the country of Sudan. The history of this civil war has dated all the way back to the 1950's. When Sudan became an independent state from the United Kingdom, the administration and civil service were mainly placed in the Northern Sudanese hands. This alienated the Southern States and tensions grew into a civil war from 1955 to 1972 and during this time 500,000 people died (CIA World Fact Book). For about ten years there was peace but in September of 1983 President Nimeiri implemented a new penal code of Islamic Law. This re-created the tensions between the government, the Islamist party, and the southern states, the Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA). Since 2003 a government funded "militia" called the Janjawid have killed over 100,000 people and displaced close to 2 million people into neighboring countries (Human Rights Watch). This conflict has killed an estimated 2 million people and displaced a total of 4.5 million people (BBC News Corporation). ...
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- Fall '06
- Sudan, Ancient Africa, Mainly Islamic Arabs