Pol 106 Review 2 - - Negative Liberty = Non-interference by...

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Political Theory Review **Power** Robert Dahl: - 1 st Face = Open coercion (force) - 2 nd Face = Removing options from individuals - 3 rd Face = Convince someone that something is in their best interest (change their perceptions) Steven Lukes: - 1 st Dimension = Decision-making power (government makes policy decisions after widespread consultation with opposition parties and the wider public) - 2 nd Dimension = Non decision-making power (to controls the agenda in debates and make certain issues unacceptable for discussion in moderate public forums) - 3 rd Dimension = Ideological power (to influence people’s wishes and thoughts to make them want things that wouldn’t benefit them) Michel Foucault: - Modern power = Focused on reform by a system of self-surveillance (ex. Bentham’s Panopticon) - Modern power (though more humane than pre-modern power) is still not a permanent solution like that of pre-modern power – it creates smarter, more manipulative actors in society **Freedom** Isaiah Berlin:
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Unformatted text preview: - Negative Liberty = Non-interference by others- Positive Liberty = Freedom to realize & fulfill one’s truest desires- Worries about defining freedom as “positive” liberty b/c the State could manipulate the minds of citizens into thinking that doing certain things aren’t actually in their best interest and that the State knows their truest desires Charles Taylor:- Negative Liberty = Non-interference by others- Positive Liberty = Collective control over the common life (collective autonomy)- The problem with “negative” liberty is that irrational thoughts/behaviors could act as an agent to prevent an individual from reaching their “higher” desires/goals Philip Pettit:- Defines freedom as Republicanism which favors liberty, rule of law, popular sovereignty and the civic virtue- Also defines freedom as non-domination (lack of supremacy or rank over another individual)- No arbitrary interference with individual rightse...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course POL SCI 106 taught by Professor Hayward during the Spring '08 term at Washington University in St. Louis.

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Pol 106 Review 2 - - Negative Liberty = Non-interference by...

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