2 Exam Two

2 Exam Two - Exam Two Study Guide Incl Ch 8-13 = Lecture...

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Exam Two; Study Guide Incl. Ch 8-13 ==== Lecture Notes For Early/Middle Childhood: ===== Definitions~ Language - Consists of the words used by a community and the rules for varying and combining them. Language acquisition device (LAD) – Chomsky. . Newborns can put sounds into categories because of a device in the brain; children are enabled to join “community of language speakers” due to a perceptual ability to focus in on sounds and tune in what’s important, tune out what’s not, vocal cords combine with central mechanism in brain; Language Acquisition Device; able to go from simple sound recognition to complex utterances; LAD programs children’s brains to analyze the language they hear and extract from it the rules of grammar Sign s: something that represent something else in an abstract, arbitrary way. Symbols : object/image/word that represents something Can be common- shamrock=St. Patty’s Day Often a mode of expression peculiar to the child . .Child refers to elephants as “Day-days Egocentrism : The“me” point of view. Everyone sees things as the child does. Spatial misconceptions common (I hide my face, I can’t see me, so you can’t see me. I know where my dolly is so you do too) Lack of conservation - Unable to conserve- lack understand that fundamental characteristics (weight, size, etc) stay the same with changes of other characteristics. Centration: focus on some characteristics to the occlusion of othersWill say that water in a short glass is less than water in a tall glass even if amounts are technically the same. Animism : Innanimate objects have life-like qualities and are capable of affection Artificialism : all things are manufactured by humans for human Ex:Snow is made by humans for human to go sledding Realism : Internal, mental entities are real in the real world Individuation: A developmental process through which a person comes to see the self as separate and distinct within the relational context (familial, social, cultural). So essentially, self in relationship to others.
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Decentering: Decentering happens when the child is able to think of more than one point of view at the same time. Social decentering involves being able to see things from another person's point of view and to reconcile those different points of view. Self-concept: The way you conceive self in relation to the social world, how you behave, what you expect from others, etc. Gender identity: One’s inner self as male of female. 4 aspects. ***hint*** 1) Develop an idea of gender “boys do this, girls do this” 2) Acquire gender role standards “only boys are doctors” 3) Identify with same sex others, such as a parent or sibling. 4) Establish a gender role preference.
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2 Exam Two - Exam Two Study Guide Incl Ch 8-13 = Lecture...

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