SOC 103 Lecture notes 1 - Introducing Sociology Definitions...

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Introducing Sociology Definitions Suicide – Emile Durkheim Sociology – the systematic study of social behavior, or the stud of society study laid quantitative methods in modern sociology Society – The largest-scale human group, whose members interact w/ one o established sociological discipline in academia another, share a common geographic territory, and share common o “the sociological method” = systematic analysis of statistics institutions. ex. rates of suicide in different localities, groups Macrosociology – The study of social institutions (ex. Roman Catholic result: suicide rates not only reflect individual behavior, also some Church or marriage) and large social group (ex. ethnic minorities, prevailing trend compelling individuals to suicidal behaviors college students) o ruled out psychological explanations: Jewish community Microsociology – the study of processes and patterns of personal highest neurosis, lowest suicides interaction that take place among people w/i groups. o visible social patterns counter psychological explanation Sociological imagination – an approach to sociology that situates the 3 types of suicide identified personal experiences of individuals w/i the societal context in o 1. Egotistic suicide – people fall out of social group or groups’ which these experiences occur. bonds weakened by excessive individualism Social institutions – one kind of social structure, made up of a number of social value of churches, schools, families in building relationships (i.e. stable patterns of meaningful orientation to one social bonds dissolution = increase likelihood suicide another). People use institutions to achieve their intended goals, as noted Protestant faith more individualistic than Catholic students use schools, or patients use hospitals. Protestants more likely to suicide, data supported Role – the expected pattern of interaction with others. social institutions central to social integration Interaction – The process by and manner in which, social actors–people ex. Married less suicide b/c more trying to meet each other’s expectations–relate to each other, integration/obligation especially in face to face encounters. o 2. Altruistic suicide – motivated by social duty, Expectations – A shared idea about how people should carry out the motivated by self-abnegation, greater good, glory duties attached to a particular status. ex. Suicides higher among soldiers than civilians Status – A socially defined position that delineates people’s rights and o 3. Anomic suicide – b/c absence of social regulations, norms responsibilities happen after sudden social shock or disturbance Social structure – Any enduring predictable pattern of social relations suicide b/c sudden confusion & distress, social among people in society; the subject matter of sociology. All social uncertainty, req. rapid readjustment no societal guide structures control us, so that we act in a certain way in a given

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