Week 10 - Charlemagne

Week 10 - Charlemagne - Here's an outline of some of the...

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Here's an outline of some of the most important developments between the collapse of Charlemagne's empire and the High Middle Ages, which begin roughly with a many-sided recovery of society in 1000. This should come in handy for next week's homework. Use the material in our XP as well. I. Charlemagne's Government and Solutions to Problems of Early Frankish Government ( see XP 33c ) This was the basic model for government of feudal monarchs of the High Middle Ages, which brought about political stability and order. Note the importance of the Medieval Synthesis: Germanic warrior charisma (e.g. Charlemagne in "The Song of Roland") and Germanic feudalism; + Roman" use of universal law—capitularies—and universal authority of "Charles Augustus" Holy Roman Emperor—note similarities to Constantine, his model; also note use of "feudal/ bureaucratic" officials—vassi dominici and missi dominici—to expand the range of imperial power; + Christian sacred imperial theocracy, papal anointing in tradition of David and coronation, Christian universal authority & Caesaropapism, Charlemagne's role as warrior-protector of Church, and representative of Western Christendom II. Aftermath of the Breakup of the Carolingian Empire (843-1000) A. Division of Empire 843 Treaty of Verdun and civil wars B. Feudalism: localism, fragmentation of political unity, public power in private hands ( see XP 35b ) 1. No centralized monarchy with effective ruling power until after 1050 2. Counts, dukes, local lords with knights and castles, who could offer local protection, took the place of royal government; they treated public power as their own private property. 3. Extreme decentralization and fragmentation of political organization
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Week 10 - Charlemagne - Here's an outline of some of the...

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