AREC Notes

AREC Notes - World Hunger, Population, and Food Supplies...

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World Hunger, Population, and Food Supplies Kenneth L. Leonard Fall 2007 I Introduction In the Ethiopian Famine of 1983-1985, 300,000 people died. More recently, we have famines in Sudan, North Korea, southern Africa, and Niger. It is estimated that 100-200 thousand people died from starvation every year in the 1990s However, compared to the past, this is good news. In the past, famines were worse. The Ukrainian Famine of 1921-1922 might have killed up to 9 million people. The Bengal famine of 1770 killed 10 million people. The FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) estimates that 11 million children under 5 die every year. Six million of these die directly from hunger, and many others die from causes that are indirectly related to hunger. Even without starvation, hunger can lead to death, especially in children, because it causes them to die of other things Of the 840 million under-nourished people in 1998-2000, 799 million of them live in under developed countries. This is 20 million less hungry people than in 1990-1992, so even though the population of the world is growing, fewer people are undernourished. This might suggest that we’re making progress. However, this is all due to progress in several countries: • China • Ghana • Indonesia • Nigeria • Peru • Thailand • Vietnam In the rest of the world, hunger has increased by 96 million people. In this class you will learn that: We can feed everyone: there is enough food We cannot redistribute the food in the world so that hunger is eliminated We have to help the poor, but they must be able to help themselves first We can choose to address the symptoms (get food to the people who are hungry), or we can choose to address the causes (make sure everyone can grow or buy enough food to feed themselves.) II The Millennium Development Goals The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are 8 goals that all 191 UN member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. The United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000, is the formal declaration of the goals. The MDGs are a set of internationally agreed upon goals to reduce poverty and hunger in the world by the year 2015. The baseline is the starting point (in this case, the year 1990) A goal is a qualitative description of what we want to achieve A target is a quantitative (measurable) description of how we will achieve the goal 1
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The Goals Goal 1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day. Target 2 Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Goal 2 Achieve universal primary education Target 3 Goal 3 Promote gender equality and empower women Target 4 Eliminate gender disparity in primary & secondary education preferably by 2005 and in all levels of education no later than 2015
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course AREC 365 taught by Professor Leonard during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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AREC Notes - World Hunger, Population, and Food Supplies...

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