Week 11.1 - Feudalism

Week 11.1 - Feudalism - I've heard reports that some...

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I've heard reports that some students are confused about feudalism! I know that some students missed classes last week where I explained some of the issues pertaining to feudalism. I'm going to put down here the readings where you will find what you need to know and a few additional comments which I think will be helpful. There is a good treatment of feudalism in the Hollister Reader on pages 81-87 in chapter 8 . The main sections are France: Fragmentation; Nobles, Knights and Castles; Feudalism; Rise of Principalities. Also, see pages 89-94 in Hollister Reader . I sent an e-mail on Carolingian Government and Feudalism. That has most of the basic information. There are notes on feudalism on pages 33a-35 in our XP. In the Tierney Sources there are documents illustrating all the main concepts on pages 107-114 . These include… An Oath of Fealty—page 107 The Capitulary of Mersen—page 108 A classic description of homage to new Count of Flanders in—page 109 The obligation of fealty (fidelity: loyalty) in the Letter of Fulbert of Chartres—page 112 The vassals' obligation of military service—page 113 Vassals' obligatory fees—page 113 Relief—Payment made to a feudal lord upon inheriting a fief Scutage—Payment made to the feudal lord in place of giving military service, which the lord could use to hire mercenaries In class last week I explained that in some ways feudalism was further developed to provide economic support for knights—mounted, heavily armored warriors using mounted shock combat. This development began in the 8 th century and was one of the keys to Carolingian success and rise to power. In addition to getting a plot of land for economic support sufficient for the needs and expenses of these warriors, the social status of these warriors—now knights (i.e. professional mounted warriors)—rose, and they became a military aristocracy. Their dominance in society increased through the 10 th century and early 11 th century. Mounted shock combat, the wealth evident from use of horses and heavy armor, the skill of these warriors and their absolutely essential function as protectors and providers of military service made them extremely valuable and important—thus their social rose, and they were called knights instead of ordinary warriors, fighters, etc.
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Week 11.1 - Feudalism - I've heard reports that some...

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