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KYLA TABIGUE GRADE 11 HUMSS 1 Introduction Jihad is a linguistic term that means "effort" or "making effort." It comes from the word [juhd], which means "effort" and is associated with pain. That is, if anyone is afflicted by an external or internal force, he may make an attempt to rid himself of it or to be cured of his misfortune. For example, if someone is in need of money and works hard or makes an attempt to obtain it, this effort is referred to as jihad. Working very hard in order to accomplish a target is a typical human characteristic. Any language, including Arabic, has words to convey this human quality. Why Jihad has been exploited in wrong way by Western The word Jihad is often associated with terrorism, but the above explanation explicitly states that Jihad merely means that if anyone is oppressed by a foreign or internal force, he makes an attempt to overcome it. Nevertheless, the west frequently associates the term JIHAD with terrorism, which harms Muslims greatly. Negative portrayal by Media Media play a vital role in the semantic shift of the meaning of these expressions. The words Islam and jihad have been connected with terrorism. Recently terms like Al-Jihad, Islamic Jihad, Gamaa Islamiyya, Hizb-ut Tahrir, Army of God, Islamic Liberation Front, Armed Islamic Group, Hezbollah, Hamas, and Al-Qaeda, make the headlines almost daily in connection with terrorism, which makes a direct link between a religion (in this case Islam) and international terrorism. Media play a vital role also in attributing terrorism to Islam and jihad intentionally or unintentionally. Headings of news papers, TV news, and like: “terrorism, Islamic fundamentalism, jihad” Not only do some writers and politicians associate jihad with terrorism, but they also translate it into ‘holy war’. Let us take the following examples: “Violent radical Muslims – [jihadis]xc b (holy warriors)” (McCabe, 2009: 99).

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