[email protected] - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development(TIAR 2015

[email protected] - 2015 IEEE International...

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2015 IEEE International Conference on Technological Innovations in ICT for Agriculture and Rural Development (TIAR 2015) 978-1-4799-7758-1/15/$31.00 ©2015 IEEE 59 Agriculture Robotic Vehicle Based Pesticide Sprayer With Efficiency Optimization Aishwarya.B.V, Archana.G UG Scholars, Department of Easwari Engineering Chennai, India [email protected] C.Umayal Assistant professor, department of EEE Easwari Engineering College Chennai, India [email protected] Abstract This paper deals with the exposition of how robotics can be applied to various fields of agriculture. One of the most important occupations in a developing country like India is agriculture. It is very important to improve the efficiency and productivity of agriculture by replacing laborers with intelligent machines like robots using latest technologies. The paper proposes a new strategy to replace humans in various agricultural operations like detection of presence of pests, spraying of pesticides, spraying of fertilizers, etc there by providing safety to the farmers and precision agriculture. The developed system involves designing a prototype which uses simple cost effective equipments like microprocessors, wireless camera, various motors and terminal equipments which is an aid to the farmers in various crop field activities. Keywords pesticide sprayer, agriculture vehicle, robot, stepper motor, solar, Maximum Power Point Tracking, Sprinkler I. I NTRODUCTION Agriculture in India constitutes more than 60% of the occupation. It serves to be the backbone of Indian economy. It is very important to improve the efficiency and productivity of agriculture by simultaneously providing safe cultivation of the farmers. Operations like spraying of pesticides, sprinkling fertilizers are very tedious. Though spraying of pesticides has become mandatory it also proves to be a harmful procedure for the farmers. Farmers, especially when they spray pesticides, take too many precautions like wearing appropriate outfits, masks, gloves etc so that, it does not cause any harmful effects on them. Avoiding the pesticides is also not completely possible as the required outcome has to be met. So, use of robots in such cases gives the best of the solutions for these problems, along with the required productivity and efficiency. Cost effective technology using components such as PIC Micro controller for the control of agriculture robot, wireless camera to track the path of the robot, stepper motors which facilitate the robot wheels to move and joysticks to guide the robotic movement are incorporated in this agriculture robotic vehicle to make all of the above feasible. The advancement in the field of robotics has widened and the fields of its application extend from home automations to military. Application of Robotics in the field of machinery design and accomplishments of tasks using agricultural vehicles had resulted in increased investment and research.

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