Toson+and+Hakai+108 - Shimazaki Tson - 1872-1943 Hakai (The...

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Shimazaki Tōson h -- 1872-1943 Hakai a (The Broken Commandment, 1906) --1872 Born in Magome, Nagano prefecture into a shōya family --1881 Goes to Tokyo --1887 Graduates from Meiji Gakuen, a Presbyterian college --1888 Teaches at Meiji Jogakkō --1890s Participates in Romantic Movement --writes shintaishi (free verse) --publishes in Bungakkai -- Wakanashū, Tōson’s first volume of poetry
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Japanese Christian hymn--1888 When the sun sets, in the stillness I shall pray, And forget for a while The cares of this world. With head bowed, in the shade of a tree Where none but God Will hear me, I shall repent my sins. ________________ From "Nigemizu" (Disappearing Stream) in Wakanashû --1897. When the sun sets, in the stillness I shall dream, And forget for a while The cares of this world. There, in the shade of the flowers, Where none but you Will know, I shall weep for love.
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From “Kusamakura" (Pillow of Grass) in Wakanashû --1897. I am like the morning cloud In loneliness I listen to the northern wind; That brought rain the night before; To my ears it is like the sound of harp; Or I am like the evening rain And to my eyes the stones That tomorrow will be a floating cloud. Are like flowers in bloom. Like leaves that have fallen I was carried by the wind; And with the clouds of the morning Came over the river at night. Perhaps here, in Miyagi Plain, In this ancient wilderness without a path I shall cease to wander, And find some rest. The grass has withered under the northern sun; And in this barrenness of Miyagi Plain My troubled heart Shall find a home.
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Haru (Spring, 1908)--Group portrait of the Bungakkai period. Ie (The Family, 1910-11)-- Based on the life of Tôson and his extended family during the years when he lived in Komoro and was writing Broken Commandment . Sakura no mi no jukusuru toki (When the Cherries Ripen, 1917)--period while he was in Meiji Gakuin. Shinsei (A New Life, 1918-1919) -- about Tôson's affair with his niece and his flight to Paris. Yoakemae (Before the Dawn, 1927-1935)--about his father, his status in the village prior to the Restoration, the loss of this status, and the father's eventual madness.
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How is Broken Commandment a Japanese Naturalist Novel? --Can be seen as closer to European Naturalism’s concern with the
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Toson+and+Hakai+108 - Shimazaki Tson - 1872-1943 Hakai (The...

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