Shiga+and+Kinosaki+nite+208

Shiga+and+Kinosaki+nite+208 - Meiji 1868-1912 -bunmei kaika...

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Meiji 1868-1912 -- bunmei kaika u (civilization and enlightenment) -- fukoku kyōhei u (prosperous nation and military strength) Taisho 1912-1926 -- bunka u u (culture) -- kojinshugi u (individualism) -- sekai shugi u (cosmopolitanism) -- kyōyōshugi u (“self-cultivationism”) Shiga Naoya 1883-1971 --“Dekigoto” e (An Accident, 1913) --“Kinosaki nite” a= (At Kinosaki, 1917) -- Anya kōro u (A Dark Night’s Passing, 1921-37) shishōsetsu e (personal fiction)
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Japanese Naturalism --attachment to the actual, “confessional” literature --egocentricity (Sibley’s term) --conditioned by Christianity, Romanticism, discourses of individualism, historical depreciation of fiction --myth or illusion of sincerity --encourages certain modes of reading
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I cannot believe that art in the true sense of the word is the “creation” of someone else’s life…I see it rather as the “recreation” of a life, of an experience, that actually took place. To be sure, a Balzac can write a voluminous narrative like The Human Comedy and portray his usurers and aristocratic ladies so vividly that they seem to come alive. Yet I cannot but regard such a narrative as fabrication, nor can I place in it the trust I do in even the most off-handed remark the author might make about, say, the difficulties he encountered writing his stories. The world has known a handful of great authors—true geniuses (Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and in particular Flaubert)—who have been able to communicate something of themselves in their writing. The moment these authors express themselves through other characters, however, they distance themselves from their readers. Inevitably, embellishments and technical flourishes— convenient fictions all—creep in. Their novels may be superior as entertainment, but
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course ASIAN 302 taught by Professor Ito during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Shiga+and+Kinosaki+nite+208 - Meiji 1868-1912 -bunmei kaika...

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