Ch7LectureNotes - Religion Chapter 7 Key Question What is...

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Religion Chapter 7 What is Religion and What Role does it Play in Culture? Key Question:
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2 Armenia and Azerbaijan Soviet Union’s divide-and-diminish plan Religion “a system of beliefs and practices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally perceived ultimate priorities.” - Stoddard and Prorak “perceived ultimate priorities” often translate into a list of things a follower “should” do and ways a follower “should” behave. Disposition of the Deceased - Each religion approaches the disposition of the deceased in different ways, and cultural landscapes reflect the religious traditions. Hindu crematorium in Mombasa, Kenya
3 Antwerp, Belgium Religion’s impact in history and culture is evident in its centrality in many places Describe how religion and language affect and change each other to shape cultures. (Consider what happens to a society’s religion and language when a different religion or language diffuses into the place). Where did the Major Religions of the World Originate, and How do Religions Diffuse? Key Question:
4 Classifications of Religions Monotheistic religions – worship a single deity. Polytheistic religions – worship more than one deity, even thousands. Animistic religions – belief that inanimate objects posses spirits and should be revered. Classifications of Religions Universalizing religions – religions that actively seek converts because members believe they offer belief systems of universal appropriateness and appeal. Ethnic religions – religions whose adherents are born into the faith and whose members do not actively seek converts. Religions of the World Where are universalizing religions located? Where are ethnic religions located?
5 Hearths of Religion and Philosophy by 500 BCE From the Hearth of South Asia From the Hearth of South Asia Hinduism – originated in Indus River Valley over 4000 years ago. * ritual bathing, karma, reincarnation sacred text: Vedas sacred sites: Ganges River social manifestation: caste system diffusion: through South Asia and into Southeast Asia
6 Hindu Temple – Angkor Wat, Cambodia. This temple suffers from neglect and destruction now, as Buddhism has supplanted Hinduism in most of Cambodia. From the Hearth of South Asia Buddhism – splintered from Hinduism 2500 years ago. Originated in

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