Linguistics test - Morphology order of letters, ability to...

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Linguistic competence – hidden knowledge of language (unseen potential to speak language, resides in your mind) Linguistic performance – the way that people produce and comprehend language (observable realization of that potential, revealed in your speech) Performance errors – made when you use language, such as being able to remember a word, mispronouncing something, or jumbling words in a sentence. Communication chain – information source, transmitter, signal, receiver, destination Noise – interference in the communication chain Types of Linguistic competence: Phonetics – study of minimal units that make up language: sounds of speech, how to explain differences in vowels, consonants, etc. for example Phonology – language specific knowledge about the distribution of speech sounds
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Unformatted text preview: Morphology order of letters, ability to comprehend words youve never seen Syntax how words combine to form phrases and sentences Semantics interpreting meaning of sentences Pragmatics ability to use context to interpret meaning Language only exists in the mind. Linguistic competence is stored in a: Lexicon all the words you know, what functions they serve, how they are pronounced Mental grammar rules of a language system Descriptive grammars analyzing generalizations of descriptive observations Speech is primary and writing is secondary Prescriptive grammar the socially embedded notion of correct or proper grammar, tells how to write or speak Diphthongs complex vowels composed of a sequence of two different configurations...
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Linguistics test - Morphology order of letters, ability to...

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