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Unformatted text preview: Morphology – order of letters, ability to comprehend words you’ve never seen Syntax – how words combine to form phrases and sentences Semantics – interpreting meaning of sentences Pragmatics – ability to use context to interpret meaning Language only exists in the mind. Linguistic competence is stored in a: Lexicon – all the words you know, what functions they serve, how they are pronounced Mental grammar – rules of a language system Descriptive grammars – analyzing generalizations of descriptive observations Speech is primary and writing is secondary Prescriptive grammar – the socially embedded notion of “correct” or “proper” grammar, tells how to write or speak Diphthongs – complex vowels composed of a sequence of two different configurations...
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- Spring '08
- linguistic competence, secondary Prescriptive grammar