World Religion Test III Study Guide

World Religion Test III Study Guide - World Religion Test...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
World Religion Test III Study Guide Class Notes October 23, 2007 Chinese Religion Jen – Essential nature of humanity Li – Notion of right conduct Chun Tzu – Person who is able to embody by practicing Li Wen – Taoism – Lao Tzu (old man), Founder of Taoism Tao – Way/Path Classic Text – Tao te ching, main statement of Tao ideas “The name that can be named is not the true name” Birth of Confucianism - Based on teachings of Kung Fu-tzu - 6 th century BCE - How to live a good life, especially in times of political & economic chaos - Ethical human guidelines through ancient classical Chinese texts & traditions - Defined social roles and appropriate action - Emphasis on human dignity in actions - Rulers should be learned in classical rites and standards of virtue - Goal = unselfish public service - Teachings of Confucius became basis for Chinese civil service testing Intellectualism - Filial Piety - Additions by Mencius - Natural goodness of humans - Strive for righteous conduct Texts of Confucianism The spring Annals Autumn Annals Book of Songs Book of History Ching commentary The analects of Confucius 4 rules for self development 1. To develop himself 2. To keep his family 3. To rule the country 4. To bring peace to the world
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Taoism - A philosophy, a way of life, a religion - Legendary founder = Lao Tzu - Incorporation of ancient Chinese beliefs - Li = rituals for deceased ancestors - Belief in myriad invisible spirits - Ying & Yang - Ying – dark, receptive, female - Yang – bright, assertive, male - One must recognize the rhythm of the universe through them – Tao - Ching or book of changes - Ying Yang – Harmony & Rhythm of everything - Complied the Tao te ching, a book of Lao Tzu’s wisdom - Dedicated to improving harmony in life through quietness and receptiveness Three types of interactions - Between King and citizen - Between father & son - 5 cardinal virtues of the virtuous man - Intelligence - Honesty - Equity - Urbanity - Humanity Women – 3 types of alliances - To the father - To the husband - To the eldest son 4 virtues - Skill with her hands - Agreeable appearance - Prudence in speech - Exemplary Conduct Discipline of Taoism - Align oneself with Tao - Ceremonial worship of deities & ancestors - Cultivation of physical and spiritual strength Tao Philosophy - Direct experience of the universe - Cooperate with things as they are - Model for being = flowing water - Belief in one supreme being - Live in primitive simplicity - Let things take their natural course - Pomp & Glory are to be despised - Less government is best
Background image of page 2
- Weapons are to be despised = Pacifistic - Through peaceful life, one find longevity - Vitality - Well being - Immortality - Many Gods are manifestations of the Tao - Dietary regimens - Breath control and meditation - Sexual Discipline - Strive to act without anger - Maintain an open mind - Act ethically, treat others as you would like to be treated
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course REL 2280 taught by Professor Moore during the Spring '08 term at Troy.

Page1 / 10

World Religion Test III Study Guide - World Religion Test...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online