Quiz #1 Vocab

Quiz #1 Vocab - Timbre is the tone quality of something....

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Timbre is the tone quality of something. Solo is a type of monophonic texture in which one singer or instrumentalist performs one melodic line. Unison is a type of monophonic texture in which several singers or instrumentalists play the same melodic line simultaneously. Imitate is to enter a musical piece and duplicate the previous voice or instrument exactly. Monophony is a musical texture that has only a single line of music and no accompaniment. Polyphony is a musical texture that has two or more simultaneous and independent lines of music. Homorhythm is a chord texture where everyone may sing different pitches but sing with the same rhythm. Counterpoint is when two or more independent lines of music oppose each other harmonically. Pizzicato is a way of playing a string instrument by plucking the strings rather than bowing. Dynamics are the various levels of volume of sounds in a musical component. Piano is a dynamic mark that indicates to play “softly.” Forte is a dynamic mark that indicates to play “loudly.” Rhythm is the flow of music in time. Beat is the regular recurring pulse of music. Tempo is the speed of the beat. Meter is beats arranged in a specific pattern of stressed and unstressed beats. Measure is a group of beats contained within two bar lines. Downbeat is the first beat of a measure. Upbeat is the beat immediately before the downbeat. Accent is stress placed on a particular musical tone or chord. Syncopation is the disruption in the regular metrical accent. Melody is a series of pitches arranged to create a distinctive and recognizable musical component. Pitch is the relative highness or lowness of a sound. Octave is the interval that is an exact duplication of an earlier pitch but at a higher or lower level. Cadence is the completion or end of a musical phrase. Tonic chord is the chord of rest, it is the triad formed on the tonic note. Dominant chord is the chord of tension, it is the fifth chord and second in importance. A scale is an arrangement of pitches from low to high or high to low and is used to create music. A chromatic scale moves in half steps, it uses 12 notes of the octave. A
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course MSC 1001 taught by Professor Tomasello during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Baruch.

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Quiz #1 Vocab - Timbre is the tone quality of something....

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