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great plains - to grow as much cotton as possible prices...

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1.1 Great Plains a. Great plains of the west initially discouraged traditional farming but cattlemen found the region perfect grazing land b. By the end of the civil war’s blockades, the southern plains were crowded with herds of cattle c. Railroads changed the common views of the region and encouraged settlement 2. Cornucopia on the Pacific a. Americans rushed to California to earn their share of the Gold Rush but usually ended up farming b. Fresh fruits and vegetables became California’s largest export 3. The Mining West a. Thousands of settlers moved west to join the mining craze of the 1840's b. Silver, iron, copper, lead, zinc, and tin were as important as gold c. Real mining required a large labor force ans expensive machinery d. Most independent miners panning streams never made their fortunes 1. The New South a. Cotton Still King i. A new agricultural south with new class and economic arrangements emerged ii. High cotton prices immediately after the war persuaded southern farmers
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Unformatted text preview: to grow as much cotton as possible; prices quickly spiraled downward, throwing the entire region into more debt and poverty b. The Nadir of Black Life i. In the late 1800's, many Congressional bills from Reconstruction aimed to support and assist the newly freed slaves were cast aside by a new generation of politicians 2. Farm Protest a. The Grange i. The earliest effort to organize white farmers was fronted by Oliver Kelley in 1867 ii. Called the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry, the social club grew quickly to include more than 800,000 iii. Now known as the National Grange, Kelley’s organization sought to reform the ways in which agricultural business was done; striving to bypass the middlemen such as railroad shippers and grain elevator owners iv. Their lobbying led to legislation regarding how railroads could be regulated for the common good of the country...
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