HSCI paper #3

HSCI paper #3 - Technology and the Home From the 19th...

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Technology and the Home From the 19 th century to the beginning of the 20 th century, industrialization affected all workers and workplaces, including the housewife and the home. As technology continued to improve, previous jobs inside the home were either modified or completely removed. Many of these jobs that were removed belonged to men, while the jobs of women fit into the former category. During this period, women were left to do the work inside the home because technology eliminated the previous jobs of men inside the home, and also forced men to provide for their family by seeking wages outside of it. As Cowan points out, “the largest group of workers in the United States in the years between 1870 and 1920 were housewives and house servants.” The majority of these workers were women and men were increasingly pushed out of doing work in the home. In contrast to this period, the colonial period witnessed an equal amount of work from both genders, but their roles were well defined. Men chopped the wood, hunted and butchered animals, and grew crops such as corn and wheat. The women used these raw materials to produce food and other materials that contributed to the well being of the home. But once technology began to influence the amount and type of labor in the home,
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HSCI paper #3 - Technology and the Home From the 19th...

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