Psychology Notes lined

Psychology Notes lined - 10:41:00 PM September 4 2007...

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14/09/2007 21:41:00 September 4, 2007 Psychology is  o The study of living and living things o Psych=breath  o Ology=study o Scientific study of behavior and mental processes o Psychology was born as a science in Germany in 1879 when Wundt  opened a psychological lab Reoccurring questions/conflicts in psychology 1. Mind vs. body  2. Nature vs. nurture 3. Reductionistic approach vs. non-reductionistic approach Mind/Body 1. Monism- Only one. Either mind or body
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o Materialist o All body o 400BC  o Democritus o Atoms o Idealist o Only Mind o Berkeley o “Something only exists because you or God can see it” 2. Dualism- Mind and body together o View #1: Mind can affect body but not vice versa   o Mind can affect body but body cannot affect mind. Mind controls  sensation, perception, and repetition. o View #2: Mind affects body and body affects mind o Said by the interactionists o Said by Descrates  o View #3: Divine concept  o Mind and body were created together by got o Mind = soul o Pre harmonious set up at creation o View #4: Dual Aspect o Mind and body are two aspects of the same entity 
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o View #5: Epiphenominalism  o Mind in a bi product of the body o But the mind cannot affect the body Nature/Nurture  1. Nature o We were al born with some knowledge o Said by Plato, Descrates, Kant o We were born with an understanding of God 2. Nurture o We learn everything. o Can be trained to do anything that is biologically possible o Said by Skinner o Skinner trained raccoons to put money in a biggie bank? Reductionistic/Nonreductionistic  1. Reductionistic o Popular o Physiology explains psychology  o Look and the smallest unit to understand 2. NonReductionistic
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o Gestoalt school  o Whole is more important than sum of parts o You can understand a machine by opening it up September 6, 2007 History of Psychology o Ebbinghaus said psych has a long pact but a short story o A long past- Thales of Miletus (600 BC to 1769) he said that all organisms  were made out of water. This statement changed history because people began to  move from superstitions to thinking more as scientists. Wundt o 1879 he opened the first psychology lab o studied mental processes by introspection o Introspection o Titchener was an English psych who went to study with Wundt o He went to Cornell University to teach introspection in the states o It was one of the first psychology labs in the states o
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