Paper Topic 3 final draft - 1 Paper Topic 3 Brie Gertler is...

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1Paper Topic 3Brie Gertler is a philosopher who works primarily in solving problems in the philosophyof mind. She is a mind-body dualist who is now a professor at the University of Virginia. Being amind-body dualist, Gertler’s famous paper called the “In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism” wasbrought to attention to be reviewed upon. In this paper, Gertler argues that a disembodied humanbeing can experience pain without having a body or having the stimulator being present. Toprove this point she mainly uses the sufficiently comprehensive concept, which is very importantin her argument. Following that, she strongly believes that the physicalism and identity theory isfalse and that pain can be present without someone or something forcing the feeling of pain upona person.Gertler starts off by explaining the two distinct concepts, which are physicalism anddualism. Physicalism is a concept that everything is physical. One of the forms of physicalism isthe identity theory. The identity theory states that every type of mental state is identical to sometype of physical state. Clearly, our dualist, Gertler disagrees and argues the physicalism conceptand identity theory and defends that the dualism concept is true. Dualism is the concept that notall mental states are connected to a physical state. She stated that dualists absolutely deny theidentity thesis and physicalism. This identity claim showed that pain is related to C-fibers, whichis a group of nerve cells that fire when a person experiences pain. But, this claim is skeptical andimpossible because it is saying that pain cannot be present if there is no C-fiber stimulation, orvise versa. If the identity claim were true, then it would be saying that pain is just the stimulationof C-fibers, so every time a person feels pain it is only because the C-fibers are being stimulated.But if it was vice-versa then it is saying that pain cannot occur or exist if C-fiber stimulation didnot occur any more than there could ever be water that wasn’t H2O. Speaking of H2O, water has
2a hidden essence. If we did not know chemistry, we would not be aware that the molecularstructure of water is H2O. So therefore, water has a hidden essence because we do not look atwater itself and identify H2O is shown. But pain is not complex like water is. We can feel painand conceive pain. Pain does not have a hidden essence. Stating that, Gertler explains thatanyone can feel pain and conceive of pain without having a body.Gertler’s main argument is the disembodied argument. She argues by stating four majorpoints, which brings her to her conclusion of saying one can feel pain without a body, whichcorroborates that the identity thesis is false. A concept she used to support her multiplestatements is the sufficiently comprehensive concept. Having sufficiently comprehensive conceptis stating that a person can conceive of a scenario occurring, which leads to a scenario beingpossible. By proving this and making the reader understand her point of view, she uses theconcept of a bachelor. A bachelor is a man who is unmarried and independent. We havesufficiently comprehensive concept if we know the definition of a bachelor and know what thefactors of a bachelor must have which does not include having a wedding ring on their left land.

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Term
Spring
Professor
mattskene
Tags
Brie Gertler

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