305 notes exam 2

305 notes exam 2 - Chapter 5: E rikson: Psychosocial...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 5: E rikson: Psychosocial Development psychosocial : Erikson’s approach to development, offered as an alternative to Freud’s psychosexual approach • emphasizing culture • emphasizing t rust (instead of oral satisfaction) The Epigenetic Principle "that anything that grows has a ground plan, and that out of this ground plan the parts arise, each part having its time of special ascendancy, until all parts have arisen to form a functioning whole." The Eight Psychosocial Stages • Stage 1: Trust versus Mistrust • Stage 2: Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt • Stage 3: Initiative versus Guilt • Stage 4: Industry versus Inferiority • Stage 5: Identity versus Identity Confusion o identity confusion o negative identity o identity foreclosure o moratorium • Stage 6: Intimacy versus Isolation • Stage 7: Generativity versus Stagnation • Stage 8: Integrity versus Despair life span approach psychosocial stages compared with Freud's psychosexual stages • (See Table 5.2 in Cloninger text, page 132.) The Role of Culture in Relation to the Eight Stages • The First Stage: Religion (hope) • The Second Stage: Law (will) • The Third Stage: Ideal Prototypes (purpose) • The Fourth Stage: Technological Elements (competence) • The Fifth Stage: Ideological Perspectives (fidelity) • The Sixth Stage: Patterns of Cooperation and Competition (love) • The Seventh Stage: Currents of Education and Tradition (care) • The Eighth Stage: Wisdom (wisdom) Rituals and ritualisms • Rituals: healthy • Ritualisms: defensive Racial and Ethnic Identity pseudospeciation : the exaggerated sense that many groups have, especially national and ethnic groups, that they are different from others, leading to conflict among groups • racial prejudice • religious prejudice Gender Children’s Play • Play configurations • Biology or culture? Male and Female Identity Resolution Research on Development through the Psychosocial Stages Identity Status • Identity Status Paradigm o Identity Achievement o Identity Diffusion o Moratorium o Identity Foreclosure • Identity Status: Descriptions of Stages Other Psychosocial Stages • Inventory of Psychosocial Balance (Domino & Affonso, 1990) o I can usually depend on others. (trust) o I genuinely enjoy work. (industry) o Sometimes I wonder who I really am. (identity) o Life has been good to me. (ego integrity) • Scores increase with age. Correlates of Stages Measures • Identity o career choice o mature defense mechanisms o self-concept • Generativity o parenting • Ego integrity o lower fear of death • Relationships Among the Stages: positive Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Psychology Chapter 6: Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Interpersonal Psychoanalysis: Horney Horney described the unconscious in terms of interpersonal conflicts. • For example, adult problems with a boss are understood as interpersonal problems of powerlessness (not as reenactments of Oedipal issues). (not as reenactments of Oedipal issues)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course PSYCH 305 taught by Professor Walker during the Fall '07 term at SIU Carbondale.

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305 notes exam 2 - Chapter 5: E rikson: Psychosocial...

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