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305 notes exam 2 - Chapter 5 Erikson Psychosocial...

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Chapter 5: Erikson: Psychosocial Development psychosocial : Erikson’s approach to development, offered as an alternative to Freud’s psychosexual approach emphasizing culture emphasizing trust (instead of oral satisfaction) The Epigenetic Principle "that anything that grows has a ground plan, and that out of this ground plan the parts arise, each part having its time of special ascendancy, until all parts have arisen to form a functioning whole." The Eight Psychosocial Stages Stage 1: Trust versus Mistrust Stage 2: Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt Stage 3: Initiative versus Guilt Stage 4: Industry versus Inferiority Stage 5: Identity versus Identity Confusion o identity confusion o negative identity o identity foreclosure o moratorium Stage 6: Intimacy versus Isolation Stage 7: Generativity versus Stagnation Stage 8: Integrity versus Despair life span approach psychosocial stages compared with Freud's psychosexual stages (See Table 5.2 in Cloninger text, page 132.) The Role of Culture in Relation to the Eight Stages The First Stage: Religion (hope) The Second Stage: Law (will) The Third Stage: Ideal Prototypes (purpose) The Fourth Stage: Technological Elements (competence) The Fifth Stage: Ideological Perspectives (fidelity) The Sixth Stage: Patterns of Cooperation and Competition (love) The Seventh Stage: Currents of Education and Tradition (care) The Eighth Stage: Wisdom (wisdom) Rituals and ritualisms Rituals: healthy Ritualisms: defensive Racial and Ethnic Identity pseudospeciation : the exaggerated sense that many groups have, especially national and ethnic groups, that they are different from others, leading to conflict among groups racial prejudice religious prejudice
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Gender Children’s Play Play configurations Biology or culture? Male and Female Identity Resolution Research on Development through the Psychosocial Stages Identity Status Identity Status Paradigm o Identity Achievement o Identity Diffusion o Moratorium o Identity Foreclosure Identity Status: Descriptions of Stages Other Psychosocial Stages Inventory of Psychosocial Balance (Domino & Affonso, 1990) o I can usually depend on others. (trust) o I genuinely enjoy work. (industry) o Sometimes I wonder who I really am. (identity) o Life has been good to me. (ego integrity) Scores increase with age. Correlates of Stages Measures Identity o career choice o mature defense mechanisms o self-concept Generativity o parenting Ego integrity o lower fear of death Relationships Among the Stages: positive Toward a Psychoanalytic Social Psychology Chapter 6: Horney and Relational Theory: Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Interpersonal Psychoanalysis: Horney Horney described the unconscious in terms of interpersonal conflicts.
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For example, adult problems with a boss are understood as interpersonal problems of powerlessness (not as reenactments of Oedipal issues).
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