psyc 309 - Psyc 309 Psychology of Learning Terms...

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Psyc 309: Psychology of Learning June 11, 2007 Terms: - Behaviorism - Reductionism - Determinism - Phylogeny & Ontogeny - Teleology - Parsimony - Physical monism - Mentalism/Dualism - Logical positivism - Operationalism - Methodological vs Radical behaviorism - Public vs Private events - Oragnism- vs environment-based explanation - Reification Philosophy of Science Goals of Science: - Prediction - Control - Interpretation The Experimental Analysis of Behavior (EAB/BA) - Name of the area o Division 25 of the APA - Takes a “natural science” approach to psychology - Focus of this course - An area of psychology that focuses on the interaction of the behavior of individual organisms and their environment Behaviorism - Philosophy of science that underlies the EAB - Assumptions: o Behavior is a subject matter in its own right Assumes psychology is the science of behavior Different levels of analysis (domains of inquiry are different) Geologist says red because iron has oxidized Physicist says 700nm light Sensory processor says cones perceive red BA says in the past “red” reinforced Behavioral Level of Analysis Science of behavior Seek to predict, control and interpret behavior Behavior is studied for behavior sake o (not as a measure of something else, eg, personalities, attitudes, cognitive processes, physiology) By behavior, then, I mean simply the movement of an organism or of its parts in a frame of reference provided by the organism itself or by various external objects or fields of force (Skinner, 1938)
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o Deterministic Behavior is amenable to scientific inquiry Behavior is determined in lawful, orderly ways Behavior is related to environmental events Explanations of behavior must be historical Past events determine present behavior The causes of behavior must precede it Teleological explanations Accounts based on final outcomes o “purpose” Not very scientific Culturally accepted Ex: o Joe goes to store to buy drinks. Why? Teleological: to get drinks; historical: in the past, Joe found drinks at store Phylogenetic History = biological/genetic history
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psyc 309 - Psyc 309 Psychology of Learning Terms...

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