331 Notes exam 1

331 Notes exam 1 - 331 Notes EXAM 1 Review Sheet: Notes: 17...

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Unformatted text preview: 331 Notes EXAM 1 Review Sheet: Notes: 17 Jan History and Classification of Mental Illness The study of abnormal behavior historical and scientific concerns - psychopathology o formal study of the nature and development of abnormal behavior why do people experience thoughts, feelings, and behaviors different from what others experience? prolonged periods of sadness, apprehension hearing voices characteristics- statistical infrequency o atypical differs from the statistical norm or average hearing voices- violation of norms o makes others uncomfortable or causes problem for anyone antisocial behavior- personal distress o emotional pain and suffering hopelessness of depression- behavioral dysfunction o impairment or disability excessive and chronic alcohol consumption results in job loss- unexpectedness o responses to stressors are out of proportion to or inconsistent with the actual threat refuses to leave home because of dog phobia- aka the 5 Ds o disability o dysfunction o deviance o dangerousness o distress History of Mental Illness history of psychology: search for causes- demonology o possession by evil beings exorcism ritual to cast out demons- somatogenesis o physical disturbance or imbalance o Hippocrates (5the century BC) o illnesses have natural (not supernatural) causes o cause of psychological disturbance in brain pathology o persons behavior was influenced by 4 elemental body fluids the four humors: black bile o tendency towards sadness o melancholy o depression yellow bile o tendency towards ir ritability, aggression, anger o choleric o too much led to violence and hostility blood o tendency towards optimism, laughter, passion o sanguine o too much made a person overly emotional phlegm o tendency towards apathy and dullness o phlegmatic o sluggishness health = humors in balance illness too much of one or more humors persisted thru the Middle Ages and beyond o bleeding, purgative mental illness was determined by physical causes disproven Mental illness in the Middle Ages- the dark ages o Rome fell and church rose up o Christian monasteries because places for sick and mentally ill o return of demonology o Pope Innocent VII I zero tolerance for witchcraft 1484 Malleus Maleficarum (aka the witches hammer) how to rid witches who were these witches? mentally ill? hallucinations, delusions? tortures into confessing? Development of Asylums- asylums o early places for confining mentally ill offered little/no treatment o priory of St. Mary of Bethlehem in Long (1243) mentally ill lived in filth and chaos rich paid admission to watch disoriented or violent patients Bedlam Early Approaches to Treatment- Phillippe Pinel (1793) advocates for humane treatment of patients in asylums o took over La Bicetre asylum during French Revolution o removed shackles, improved diet, better treatment...
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course PSYCH 331 taught by Professor Rodriguez during the Spring '08 term at SIU Carbondale.

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331 Notes exam 1 - 331 Notes EXAM 1 Review Sheet: Notes: 17...

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