September 4- ch3

September 4- ch3 - Oils, Fats, and Waxes, are lipids...

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September 4, 2007 Chapter 3 Why is carbon so important? Carbon atoms are versatile and can form up to four bonds and rings Biomolecules Joined by Dehydration synthesis Broken by Hydrolysis Monomers are joined together through dehydration synthesis Polymers are broken by hydrolysis All biological molecules fall into one of four categories Carbohydrate - made of c, h , and o, in the ration of 1:2:1 o Important energy sources for most organism Polysaccharides Long chains of sugars Lipids
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Unformatted text preview: Oils, Fats, and Waxes, are lipids containing, only carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen Lipids are diverse in structure and serve in a variety of functions o Energy storage o Waterproofing o Call and organelle membranes o Hormones Long term energy storage Fat solidity is due to single or double carbon bonds o Fats that are solid at room temperature are saturated fat o Fats that are liquid at room temperature are unsaturated Waxes are composed of long hu...
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