Allegory of the Cave notes

Allegory of the Cave notes - Imprisonment in the Cave...

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Allegory of the Cave notes Intro Plato “The Republic” Compares the effect of education and the lack of it on our nature Written as a dialogue between Plato’s brother and his mentor Socrates Plato has Socrates describe a gathering of people who have lived chained to the wall of a cave all of their lives, facing a blank wall. o The people watch shadows projected on the wall by things passing in front of a fire behind them, and begin to designate names to these shadows. o The shadows are as close as the prisoners get to viewing reality. o He then explains how the philosopher is like a prisoner who is freed from the cave and comes to understand that the shadows on the wall do not make up reality at all, as he can perceive the true form of reality rather than the mere shadows seen by the prisoners. Related to theory of forms o “forms” and not the material world of change known to us through sensation, possess the highest and most fundamental kind of reality o Only knowledge of the Forms constitutes real knowledge
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Unformatted text preview: Imprisonment in the Cave Prisoners since childhood Legs and necks are fixed, forcing them to stare at a wall in front of them unable to move their heads There is a fire behind the prisoners Socrates suggests that, for the prisoners, the shadows of artifacts would constitute reality. o They would not realize that what they see are shadows of the artifacts, which are themselves inspired by real humans and animals outside of the cave. o the prisoners would "assign credit and prestige" to whomever among them could quickly remember which shadows came before predict which shadows would follow and name which shadows were normally found together Departure from the Cave one prisoner freed looks at the fire o hurts his eyes o looked away go outside and eyes adjust to the sun o learns of the world Return to the Cave Returns to the cave Tells the other prisoners about the world The others do not believe him...
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