Bierce- Biographical

Bierce- Biographical - Ambrose (Gwinett) Bierce 1842-1914...

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Ambrose (Gwinett) Bierce 1842-1914 Entry Updated : 10/28/2003 Birth Place: Horse Cave Creek, Meigs County, OH Personal Information: Family: Born June 24, 1842 , in Horse Cave Creek, Meigs County, OH; disappeared in Mexico while acting as an observer of that country's civil war, c. January 1, 1914; son of Marcus Aurelius (a journeyman farmer) and Laura (Sherwood) Bierce; married Mary Ellen (Mollie) Day, December 25, 1871 (separated, 1891; divorced, 1904; died, 1904); children: Day (son; killed, 1889), Leigh (son; died, 1901), Helen. Education: Attended Kentucky Military Institute. Hobbies and other interests: Hiking in search of arrowheads; communing with nature; cycling. Memberships: Bohemian Club, Army-Navy Club. Career: Short-story writer, novelist, journalist, poet, essayist, and critic. Worked variously as printer's apprentice for the antislavery newspaper Northern Indianan, c. 1857-59; night watchman and memorandum clerk for the U.S. Sub-Treasury in San Francisco, CA, beginning 1867; writer, columnist, and managing editor for San Francisco News Letter and California Advertiser, c. 1867-72; assay branch worker for the U.S. Mint, c. 1876; manager-overseer of mine in Black Hills of South Dakota for several months in 1881; Washington, DC, correspondent for New York American, 1898-1909. Military service: U.S. Army, 1861-67; enlisted as private; became first lieutenant and acting topographical engineer; served with the Ninth Indiana Infantry Regiment as a drummer boy and Buell's Army of the Ohio; saw action in campaigns at Shiloh, Stone's River, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Kennesaw Mountain, Franklin, Nashville, and Atlanta; brevetted to major after the American Civil War; then served in Selma, AL, as guardian of seized and abandoned property; later joined Major General William B. Hazen in mapping expedition from Omaha, NE, to San Francisco, CA. "Sidelights" Ambrose Bierce's literary reputation is based primarily on his short stories about the Civil War and the supernatural --a body of work that makes up a relatively small part of his total output. Often compared to the tales of Edgar Allan Poe, these stories share an attraction to death in its more bizarre forms, featuring depictions of mental deterioration, uncanny, otherworldly manifestations, and expressions of the horror of existence in a meaningless universe . Like Poe, Bierce professed to be mainly concerned with the artistry of his work, yet critics find him more intent on conveying his misanthropy and pessimism. In his lifetime Bierce was famous as a California journalist dedicated to exposing the truth as he understood it, regardless of whose reputations were harmed by his attacks. For his sardonic wit and damning observations on the personalities and events of the day, he became known as "the wickedest man in San Francisco." Bierce was born in Meigs County, Ohio. His parents were farmers and he was the tenth of thirteen children, all of whom were given names beginning with "A" at their father's insistence. The family moved to Indiana, where Bierce went to high school; he later attended the Kentucky
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Bierce- Biographical - Ambrose (Gwinett) Bierce 1842-1914...

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