LWR Study Guide #2

LWR Study Guide #2 - Trad 104-Love in World Religions Exam...

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Trad 104-Love in World Religions: Exam 2 Study Guide 1. What is the Torah? The first five books of the Bible. 2. As discussed in lecture, what is the major difference between Jews, Christians and Muslims on the approach and interpretation of their sacred books? Islam believes the Quran (holy, sacred book) was literally dictated by the angel, Gabriel to Muhammad. It is considered the literal word of God. It is literally true. Jews and Christians’ belief is that the bible is witness to the word of God, in particular the historical context and setting. The idea of ‘witness’ allows for the possibility of historical study and research into the cultures and languages of the bible. 3. In the book of Deuteronomy, explain the command concerning strangers. “You shall love the Lord your God with all your might and power.” “You shall love the stranger, for you too were once strangers in the land of Egypt.” It creates empathy. Jacob wrestles with a stranger (God). 4. Concerning the patriarch Abraham, be able to explain some of his background (i.e. where he was from, his calling by God, his newfound religious beliefs.) He was from Ur in Mesopotamia. He emigrated to Canaan. 1800-1600 BCE (Before Common Era). He had belief in only one God. He shared a covenant with God: relationship between Israel and God. The Flood. 5. What is the significance of Abraham’s other son Ishmael, with Hagar, for both Judaism and Islam. Sarah was barren and couldn’t conceive a child. She tells Abraham to sleep with her maidservant, Hagar, to have a child. Hagar gives birth to Ishmael. Sarah gets jealous and eventually is able to conceive a child, Isaac. Sarah has Hagar and Ishmael exiled to the desert. An angel watches over them and they are saved. Islam traces roots back through Ishmael and Hagar. Judaism traces roots back through Isaac and Sarah. 6. What is the Jewish holiday of Purim? To what does the term refer? Who are the major characters of the book of Esther and what is the basic plot? Purim celebrates the events of the book of Esther. It was set in Persia during the rule of Ahashverus (Greek: Xerxes). The King has his Queen Vashti deposed. He
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falls in love with Esther. Haman is evil; a Persian who comes to hate the Jews in Persia. He plots to have all the Jews in Persia killed. Queen Esther and Mordecai foil and undermine Haman’s plot. Haman is hanged and Queen Esther saves the Jewish people. Nazism in Germany outlawed Purim. 7. Why did Hitler outlaw the observance of Purim? 8. What is the historical context for the book of Esther and what is the basic plot? It was set in a time where the Jewish community was set in exile in Persia. 9. Explain the experiences of the patriarch Jacob at Bethel and Peniel. Bethel (house or abode of God) any name ending with –el showed connection with God. There was a sacred shrine or rock. Jacob sleeps on this rock. He has a dream of angels ascending and descending from heaven; he will have numerous descendants. Peniel: the face of God. Jacob meets a stranger and wrestles with him.
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