writeitright - Library and Information Resource Centre A...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

Library and Information Resource Centre A gui de to the Harvard (‘Author - Date’ ) referencing system © LIT Library and Information Resource Centre, 2011
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

LIT Library and Information Resource Centre - A guide to the Harvard (‘Author - Date’) Referencing System. Page 2 of 40 Contents What is referencing? ........................................................................................................... ............ 3 Which referencing system should you use? ................................................................................... 3 Harv ard (‘Author - date’) system ...................................................................................................... 3 What are the essential elements? .................................................................................................. 4 Why should you reference? ............................................................................................................ 4 What is plagiarism? ......................................................................................................................... 4 Examples of plagiarism ................................................................................................................... 5 Permission to quote, adapt or reprint ............................................................................................ 5 How does referencing work? .......................................................................................................... 5 What is citing? ................................................................................................................................. 6 Using direct quotations ................................................................................................................... 6 How to cite in the body of your text ............................................................................................... 8 Secondary referencing .................................................................................................................... 9 Citing page numbers in text: some rules ...................................................................................... 10 Using tables, figures, images and graphs in the body of your text .............................................. 11 The Reference list ......................................................................................................................... 12 Differences between a Reference list and a Bibliography ............................................................ 12 Compiling your reference list or bibliography .............................................................................. 12 Example of a reference list ........................................................................................................... 14 Date and place of publication ....................................................................................................... 16 Publisher ....................................................................................................................................... 17 Titles .............................................................................................................................................. 17 Acronyms and initials .................................................................................................................... 17 Capitalisation ................................................................................................................................ 18 Paraphrasing ................................................................................................................................. 19 Examples of Paraphrasing ............................................................................................................. 19 Paraphrase or use quotations? ..................................................................................................... 20 Quick- find referencing guide ....................................................................................................... 21 Endnote and Endnote Web ........................................................................................................... 40 Bibliography ................................................................................................................................ 40 Credits ........................................................................................................................................... 40
Image of page 2
LIT Library and Information Resource Centre - A guide to the Harvard (‘Author - Date’) Referencing System. Page 3 of 40 Please Note: There are different versions of Harvard referencing and this booklet is only a guide; if you have any doubts about your referencing you should always check with your lecturer. What is Referencing? When you write an assignment at the Institute you are required to indicate that you have used the ideas and written material belonging to other authors in your own work both in the text of your assignment and in a reference list at the end of your assignment. This practice of acknowledging authors is known as referencing. The following are examples of sources that you might acknowledge in your assignment: Books; Journal articles; Electronic journal articles; World Wide Web pages, paintings, images, drawings and diagrams; Emails; Social Media; Video, DVD, Film & audio tape recordings; Newspapers; Conference papers; Radio/TV broadcasts (please check with your lecturer if it is advisable to use these in your assignment) Personal communication; Interviews (If this is a personal interview, you must always ask permission of the interviewee before using such material); and, Theses and other academic work. Which referencing system should you use? There are many different referencing systems widely used in academic writing. LIT acknowledges 2 systems: Author- Date systems commonly known as Harvard or APA (American Psychological Association) Numerical systems sometimes referred to as Footnoting, Endnoting or Vancouver.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern