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Unformatted text preview: charge which means it is now a nucleophile. The alkyl group in alkylmetals is strongly basic. This basicity makes organometallic reagents moisture sensitive. In the presence of water, hydrolysis occurs often violently to give a metal hydroxide and an alkane. Organometallic reagents in the synthesis of alcohols When a grignard reagent reacts with methanal (formaldehy) a primary alcohol is formed. When a grignard reacts with any of the other aldehydes in the series a secondary alcohol is formed. The reaction of a ketone such as propanone or acetone also results in the formation of a secondary alcohol. Organometallic reagents react with carbon dioxide to give carboxylic acids....
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- Spring '14
- Functional group, Grignard reaction, Organometallic Reagents