Childhood Disorders

Childhood Disorders - Childhood Disorders Pervasive...

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Childhood Disorders Pervasive developmental disorders - Severe disorders with qualitative impairments in verbal and nonverbal communications and social interaction - Do not include hallucinations or delusions DSM-IV Criteria for Autistic Disorder - Impairment in social interation - Impairment in communication - Restricted, stereotyped interest and activities - Delays or abnormal functioning in major areas before age: Impairments: Social Interactions - Lack of interest in others - Appear unaware of other people’s identity; treat other people as objects - Failure to develop age appropriate peer relationships - Lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment with other people - Impairment in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye to eye gaze, facial expressions, body postures, to regulate social interaction Impairments: Verbal and Nonverbal Communication - Delay in or total lack of, the development of spoken language - In individuals with adequate speech, inability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others - Echolalia common in those who speak - Stereotyped or repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language - Lack of varied, spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level Repetitive and Sterotyped Patterns of Behavior
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- stereotyped, repetitive, sometimes odd motor mannerisms, hand or finger flapping or twisting, head banging - Show unusual, extreme responses to objects - Finds moving objects, such as a fan, hold great fascination - May form an unusual attachment to odd objects such as a paper or rubber band - Children with austism may be easily upset or angered if their daily routine is changed. Minor changes may produce rage Intellectual functioning in Autism - Up to 75% IQs below 70 (mental retardation) - Approximately 10% of people with Autism have savant syndrome, ie obsessive preoccupation with memorization of obscure facts
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This note was uploaded on 04/10/2008 for the course BIOL 2504 taught by Professor Bdopell during the Fall '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Childhood Disorders - Childhood Disorders Pervasive...

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